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Author Topic: Mount Graham Observatory Launches LUCIFER Telescope  (Read 8573 times)


yeah thats right.
why the hell would they call it lucifer? twisted
Vatican Tied Mount Graham Observatory Launches LUCIFER Telescope
Posted: April 25, 2010
12:20 am Eastern

© 2010 Raiders News Network

New instrument for the world's largest optical telescope, the Large Binocular Telescope on Mount Graham, allows astronomers to observe the faintest and most distant objects in the universe

Tucson, Ariz. --- Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) partners in the U.S, Germany and Italy announced April 21 that the first of two new innovative near-infrared cameras/spectrographs for the LBT is now available to astronomers for scientific observations at the telescope on Mount Graham in southeastern Arizona.

After more than a decade of design, manufacturing and testing, the new instrument – dubbed LUCIFER 1 – provides a powerful tool to gain spectacular insights into the universe – from the Milky Way to extremely distant galaxies. LUCIFER, built by a consortium of German institutes, will be followed by an identical twin instrument that will be delivered to the telescope in early 2011.

"With the large light-gathering power of the LBT, astronomers are now able to collect the spectral fingerprints of the faintest and most distant objects in the universe," said LBT director Richard Green, a professor of astronomy at the University of Arizona's Steward Observatory.

LUCIFER 1 and its twin are mounted at the focus points of the LBT's two giant 8.4-meter (27.6 foot) diameter telescope mirrors. Each instrument is cooled to -213 degrees Celsius in order to observe in the near-infrared wavelength range. Near-infrared observations are essential for understanding the formation of stars and planets in our galaxy as well as revealing the secrets of the most distant and very young galaxies.

LUCIFER's innovative design allows astronomers to observe in unprecedented detail, for example star forming regions, which are commonly hidden by dust clouds.

The instrument is remarkably flexible, combining a large field of view with a high resolution. It provides three exchangeable cameras for imaging and spectroscopy in different resolutions according to observational requirements.

Astronomers use spectroscopy to analyze incoming light and answer questions such as how stars and galaxies formed and what they are made of.

The instruments were built by a consortium of five German institutes led by the Center for Astronomy of Heidelberg University, together with the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, the Astronomical Institute of the Ruhr-University in Bochum, and the University of Applied Sciences in Mannheim.

The LBT is a collaboration among the Italian astronomical community (National Institute of Astrophysics), the University of Arizona, Arizona State University, Northern Arizona University, the LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft in Germany (Max-Planck-Institut fϋr Astronomie in Heidelberg, Zentrum fur Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Astrophysikalisches Institut in Potsdam, Max-Planck-Institut fϋr Extraterrestrische Physik in Munich, and Max-Planck-Institut fϋr Radioastronomie in Bonn), and the Ohio State University and Research Corporation (Ohio State University, University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota and University of Virginia).

Additional Technical Background:

* LUCIFER is an acronym for: Large Binocular Telescope Near-infrared Utility with Camera and Integral Field Unit for Extragalactic Research
* LUCIFER's three exchangeable cameras are available for direct imaging, long-slit-spectroscopy and multi-object-spectroscopy. Two of them are optimized for seeing-limited conditions, a third camera for diffraction-limited cases will be used after completion of the LBT adaptive secondary mirror system.
* Using a four Mega-pixel Hawaii2-camera the instrument covers a comparatively large field of view of 4x4 arc minutes (about 1/50th of the full moon on sky).
* According to observational requirements, presently a set of five broad-band filters (z, J, H, K, Ks), 12 medium and narrow-band filters and three different high-resolution spectroscopic gratings are available.
* A special feature of the LUCIFER is 10 fixed and up to 22 exchangeable masks which can be used for longslit and multi-object spectroscopy (MOS). This multiplex-technology developed at MPE allows the spectroscopy of about two dozen objects simultaneously and reduces the costs per photon and observing time at the telescope dramatically. All laser-cut MOS-masks are stored in a separate magazine which can be replaced with new masks at fully cryogenic temperatures using an external cryostat and a vacuum interlock to the main instrument. This work can be done within a few hours during a normal service-interval in day-time and avoids a several days lasting warming-up and cooling-down cycle of the complete LUCIFER-instrument preserving valuable observing time.

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

From the Department of Astronomy at The University of Arizona press release (4/22/2010): LUCIFER allows astronomers to watch stars being born
« Last Edit: October 24, 2011, 04:05:pm by VoxClamantis »
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from which, for me there shall be no return
wholly drenched
is the pine tree of  tears
-Yoshida Shoin


why the hell would they call it lucifer? twisted

Maybe after St. Lucifer of Cagliari...

All the mumblings of Popery.


I'm not seeing the "Vatican-tied" part, either.
People talk vaguely about the innocence of a little child, but they take mighty good care not to let it out of their sight for twenty minutes.-Saki.
"Meanwhile, Fate was quietly slipping lead into the boxing glove. "
— P.G. Wodehouse
The Modernist's Prayer  by R.A. Knox
O God, forasmuch as without Thee
We are not enabled to doubt Thee,
Help us all by Thy Grace
To convince the whole race
It knows nothing whatever about Thee.


I do not see the Vatican anywhere in this, tying anything.

Either way, they can call it what they want. It will make all the easier for them to see the  Son of Man coming on the clouds . . . Pity the bugger who is using it then.
"The days have gone down in the West, behind the hills, into shadow." - Theoden, King.


yeah thats right.
why the hell would they call it lucifer? twisted

"LUCIFER is an acronym for: Large Binocular Telescope Near-infrared Utility with Camera and Integral Field Unit for Extragalactic Research"

But yah, twisted is right.


Lucifer means "Light Bearer."  It was his angelic name before he fell, right?  The Romans also called the planet Venus Lucifer, because as the morning star it was seen shortly before the sun came up.



Interesting .. headline............ Vatican tied ...... yeah they probably communicate as one would suspect .. being observatories
Doesn't appear that the Vatican has it listed on the site they have available of the telescopes they operate.
The mighty oak is nothing but a nut that stood its ground.


The gang of Jesuit scientists at the Vatican Observatory have long been under the sway of the theory of evolution so i would not be soo sure this name isnt some sort of slap at the church by that modernist bunch.


  • The Gunslinger
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Lucifer means "Light Bearer."  It was his angelic name before he fell, right?  The Romans also called the planet Venus Lucifer, because as the morning star it was seen shortly before the sun came up.


Yes, we know this. However, connotations of certain names or words and their impact change. "Lucifer", while etymologically harmless, carries with it a very grave connotation that is certainly to be avoided.

In Corde Regis Christi,


Would you please spare an AVE for my deceased Aunt Elizabeth who left us on July 16th 2010? May God reward you.

"Know this: it is by very little breaches of regularity that the devil succeeds in introducing the greatest abuses. May you never end up saying: 'This is nothing, this is an exaggeration' ... I would give up my life a thousand times, not only for each of the truths of Sacred Scripture, but even more for the least of the rubrics and ceremonies of the Catholic Church."
+ St. Therese of Avila +

"The person who does not become irate when he has cause to be sins. For an unreasonable patience is the hotbed of many vices.
+ St. John Chrysostom


why the hell would they call it lucifer?

Of course.

See time index 9:33 to 9:48:

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« Last Edit: April 28, 2010, 03:51:pm by unknown »

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