FishEaters Traditional Catholic Forums

Full Version: Feast of St. Benedict, Father of Western Monasticism
You're currently viewing a stripped down version of our content. View the full version with proper formatting.
St. Benedict's feast is as follows:
11 July (Latin Rite -- Novus Ordo)
21 March (Benedictine monks and nuns, Traditional Ordo)
14 March (Byzantine Rite)
His Life:
Quote:ST. BENEDICT, founder of Montecassino and great legislator of Western monasticism, was born to a patrician family in Norcia (Perugia) in or about 480 A.D.

After his initial studies, he went to Rome. Disgusted by rampant vice, he abandoned everything and retired to the lonely rocks of Subiaco where he led a hermit's existence: "soli Deo placere cupiens" as his biographer St. Gregory Magnum wrote - "with the only desire to be agreeable to the Lord".

Some monks living in his neighbourhood and attracted by his saintly life, begged him to become their Superior and Teacher. Benedict accepted, but when he tried to correct their far from exemplary way of life, they made an attempt on his life with a goblet full of poison. But he shattered the goblet with a miraculous sign of the cross.

After having founded twelve small convents, St. Benedict left Subiaco and went southward with a few disciples. The reasons which made him chose the mountain "a cui Cassino è nella costa" (on which flank Cassino is located, Dante, Parad. XXII, 37) are not known but it may be related to some patrician benefactor.

See also:  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02467b.htm
Rule of St. Benedict:  
Quote:The exact time and place at which St. Benedict wrote his Rule are not known, nor can it be determined whether the Rule, as we now possess it, was composed as a single whole or whether it gradually took shape in response to the needs of his monks. Somewhere about 530 however, may be taken as a likely date, and Monte Cassino as a more probable place than Subiaco, for the Rule certainly reflects St. Benedict's matured monastic and spiritual wisdom. The earliest chronicler says that when Monte Cassino was destroyed by the Lombards in 581, the monks fled to Rome, carrying with them, among other treasures, a copy of the Rule "which the holy Father had composed"; and in the middle of the eighth century there was in the pope's library a copy believed to be St. Benedict's autograph. It has been assumed by many scholars that this was the copy brought from Monte Cassino; but though this is likely enough, it is not a certainty. Be that as it may, this manuscript of the Rule was presented by Pope Zachary to Monte Cassino in the middle of the eighth century, a short time after the restoration of that monastery. Charlemagne found it there when he visited Monte Cassino towards the end of the century, and at his request a most careful transcript of it was made for him, as an exemplar of the text to be disseminated throughout the monasteries of his empire. Several copies of the Rule were made from it, one of which survives to this day; for there can be no doubt that the present Codex 914 of the St. Gall Library was copied directly from Charlemagne's copy for the Abbey of Reichenau. An exact diplomatic reprint (not in facsimile) of this codex was published at Monte Cassino in 1900, so that the text of this manuscript, certainly the best individual text of the Rule in existence, can be studied without difficulty. Various other manuscripts go back to Charlemagne's manuscript, or to its original at Monte Cassino, which was destroyed by fire in 896, and thus the text of the so-called autograph may be restored by approved critical methods with quite unusual certainty, and could we be certain that it really was the autograph, there would be no more to say.
Go to: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02436a.htm
St. Benedict Medal:
Quote:There is indeed no medal which possesses such wonderful power and none so highly esteemed by the holy Church as the Medal of St. Benedict. Whosoever wears this medal with devotion, trusting to the life-giving power of the holy Cross and the merits of the holy Father St. Benedict, may expect the powerful protection of this great Patriarch in his spiritual and temporal needs. 

ORIGIN OF THE MEDAL

The origin of the Medal probably dates back to the time of St. Benedict himself, of whom we know that, in his frequent combats with the evil spirit, he generally made use of the Sign of the Cross and wrought many miracles thereby. He also taught his disciples to use the Sign of our redemption against the assaults of Satan and in other dangers. St. Maurus and St. Placidus, his first and most renowned disciples, wrought their numerous miracles through the power of the holy Cross and in the name and by the merits of their holy Founder. 

The Medal of St. Benedict became more widely known through the following wonderful occurrence: Bruno, afterwards Pope Leo IX, had in his youth been bitten by a venomous reptile, in consequence of which he was seriously ill for two months. He had lost the use of speech and was soon reduced to a skeleton. All hopes of his recovery had been abandoned, when suddenly he beheld a luminous ladder that reached to Heaven, from which descended a venerable old man wearing the habit of a monk. It was St. Benedict, bearing in his hand a radiant cross, with which he touched the swollen face of Bruno and instantly cured him. Then the apparition disappeared. 

Bruno, who had been healed in such a miraculous manner, later on entered the Order of St. Benedict. He ascended the papal throne in the year 1048 under the name of Leo IX and was renowned in the Church for his sanctity, his devotion to the holy Cross and to St. Benedict. Through this pope the Medal of St. Benedict was enriched with special blessings, and its veneration spread everywhere. The use of the Medal was solemnly approved and recommended to the faithful by Pope Benedict XIV in 1742.
http://www.olrl.org/sacramental/benedictmedal.shtml


U.I.O.G.D.  Ut in omnibus glorificetur Deus
Why does the western Church have two seperate feast days for him. The regular and Benedictine? I've never heard of this.
Baskerville Wrote:Why does the western Church have two seperate feast days for him. The regular and Benedictine? I've never heard of this.

The Novus Ordo rite rewrote the Ordo (liturgical calendar) and redistributed, changed and move feasts and dates.  The Benedictine Order celebrates the feast of St. Benedict on 12 March, which has alwasy been the saint's traditional feast day. 

You can compare the N.O. calendar and the traditional one and see the differences.