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With this post, we bring back the daily posting of the Rule of Saint Benedict and the Martyrology.  I will post them the day before they would be read.  The Rule is for that day.  In the Office of Prime the Martyrology for the next day is read.  So, for example, in this first post, the Rule is the section assigned for April 20th.  The Martyrology is for 4/21.


The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 20:

CHAPTER LXIV
Of the Election of the Abbot

In the election of an Abbot let this always be observed as a rule, that he
be placed in the position whom the whole community with one consent, in the fear
of God, or even a small part, with sounder judgment, shall elect. But let him
who is to be elected be chosen for the merit of his life and the wisdom of his
doctrine, though he be the last in the community.

But even if the whole community should by mutual consent elect a man who
agreeth to connive at their evil ways (which God forbid) and these
irregularities in some come to the knowledge of the Bishop to whose diocese the
place belongeth, or to neighboring Abbots, or Christian people, let them not
permit the intrigue of the wicked to succeed, but let them appoint a worthy
steward over the house of God, knowing that they shall receive a bountiful
reward for this action, if they do it with a pure intention and godly zeal;
whereas, on the other hand, they commit a sin if they neglect it.

Martyrology-April 21st
Roman Martyrology-April 21st-on this date in
various years-

At Canterbury, England, St. Anselm, bishop, confessor, and doctor of
the Church, renowned for sanctity and learning.

In Persia, the birthday of St. Simeon, bishop of Seleucia and
Ctesiphon. He was arrested by order of Sapor, king of Persia, loaded with
irons, and presented to the iniquitous tribunals. As he refused to adore
the sun, and openly and constantly bore testimony to Jesus Christ, he was
confined for a long time in a dungeon with one hundred other confessors, some of
whom were bishops. others priests, others clerics of various ranks.
Afterwards, Usthazanes, the king's foster-father, who had been converted from
apostasy by Simeon, endured martyrdom with great constancy. The day after,
which was the anniversary of our Lord's Passion, the companions of Simeon whom
he had feelingly exhorted, were beheaded before his eyes, after which he met the
same fate. With him suffered also several distinguished men: Abdechalas
and Ananias, his priests, with Pusicius, the head of the royal workmen.
This last having encouraged Ananias, who seemed to falter, died a cruel death,
having his tongue drawn out through a perforation made in his neck. After
him, his daughter, who was a consecrated virgin, was put to death.

At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Arátor, a priest, Fortunatus, Felix,
Silvius, and Vitalis, who all died in prison.

At Nicomedia, the holy martyrs Apollo, Isacius, and Codratus, who
suffered under the Emperor Diocletian. The last of these was slain by the
sword, and a few days later the other two died from starvation in prison,
meriting also the crown of martyrdom.

At Antioch, St. Anastasius the Sinaite, bishop.

At Wertingen in Bavaria, St. Conrad of Parzham, confessor, of the
Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, outstanding both for prayer and for love of
neighbour. Being renowned for miracles, Pope Pius XI enrolled him among
the number of the saints.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors,
and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 21:

CHAPTER LXIV
Of the Election of the Abbot (cont.)

But when the Abbot hath been elected let him bear in mind how great a burden he hath taken upon himself, and to whom he must give an account of his stewardship (cf Lk 16:2); and let him be convinced that it becometh him better to serve than to rule. He must, therefore, be versed in the divine law, that he may know whence "to bring forth new things and old" (Mt 13:52). Let him be chaste, sober, and merciful, and let him always exalt "mercy above judgment" (Jas 2:13), that he also may obtain mercy.

Let him hate vice, but love the brethren. And even in his corrections, let him act with prudence and not go to extremes, lest, while he aimeth to remove the rust too thoroughly, the vessel be broken. Let him always keep his own frailty in mind, and remember that "the bruised reed must not be broken" (Is 42:3). In this we are not saying that he should allow evils to take root, but that he cut them off with prudence and charity, as he shall see it is best for each one, as we have already said; and let him aim to be loved rather than feared.

Let him not be fussy or over-anxious, exacting, or headstrong; let him not be jealous or suspicious, because he will never have rest. In all his commands, whether they refer to things spiritual or temporal, let him be cautious and considerate. Let him be discerning and temperate in the tasks which he enjoineth, recalling the discretion of holy Jacob who saith: "If I should cause my flocks to be overdriven, they would all die in one day" (Gen 33:13). Keeping in view these and other dictates of discretion, the mother of virtues, let him so temper everything that the strong may still have something to desire and the weak may not draw back. Above all, let him take heed that he keep this Rule in all its detail; that when he hath served well he may hear from the Lord what the good servant heard who gave his fellow-servants bread in season: "Amen, I say to you," He saith,"he shall set him over all his goods" (Mt 24:47).

Martyrology-April 22nd
Roman Martyrology-April 22nd-on this date in various years-

At Rome, on the Appian Way, the birthday of St. Soter, pope and martyr.

In the same city, Pope St. Caius, who was crowned with martyrdom under Emperor Diocletian.

At Smyrna, the Saints Apelles and Lucius, who were among the first disciples of Christ.

The same day, many holy martyrs who, the year following the death of St. Simeon, and on the anniversary of the Passion of our Lord, were put to the sword for the name of Christ throughout Persia, under King Sapor. Among those who then suffered for the faith were the eunuch Azades, a favorite of the king; Milles, a bishop renowned for sanctity and miracles; Bishop Acepsimas with one of his priests named James; also Aithalas and Joseph, priests; Azadan and Abdiesus, deacons, and many other clerics; Mareas and Bicor, bishop, with twenty other bishops, and nearly two hundred and fifty clerics; many monks and consecrated virgins, among whom was the sister of St. Simeon, called Tarbula, with her maid, who were both killed in a most cruel manner by being tied to stakes and sawn asunder.

Also in Persia, Saints Parmenius, Helimenas, and Chrysotelus, priests; Lucas and Mucius, deacons, whose triumph is related in the Acts of Saints Abdon and Sennen.

At Alexandria, the birthday of the martyr St. Leonides, who suffered under Severus.

At Lyons in France, in the persecution of Antoninus Verus, St. Epipodius, who was arrested with his companion Alexander, and after undergoing severe torments, completed his martyrdom by being beheaded.

At Constantinople, Pope St. Agapitus the First, whose sanctity was praised by St. Gregory the Great. His body was afterwards taken to Rome and buried in the Vatican.

At Sens, St. Leo, bishop and confessor.

At Anastasiopolis in Galatia, St. Theodore, a bishop well known for his miracles.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 22:

CHAPTER LXV
Of the Prior of the Monastery

It often happeneth indeed, that grave scandals arise in monasteries out of the appointment of the Prior; since there are some who, puffed up with the wicked spirit of pride and thinking themselves to be second Abbots, set up a despotic rule, foster scandals, and excite quarrels in the community, and especially in those places where also the Prior is appointed by the same Bishop or the same Abbots who appointeth his Abbot. How foolish this is can easily be seen; because, from the very beginning of his appointment, matter for pride is furnished him, when his thoughts suggest to him that now he is exempt from the authority of the Abbot, because "thou too hast been appointed by those by whom the Abbot was appointed." From this source arise envy, discord, slander, quarrels, jealousy, and disorders. While the Abbot and the Prior are thus at variance with each other, it must follow that their souls are endangered by this discord and that those who are under them, as long as they humor the parties, go to ruin. The fault of this evil resteth on the heads of those who were the authors of such disorders.

Martyrology-April 23rd
Roman Martyrology-April 23rd-on this date in various years-

The birthday of St. George, whose illustrious martyrdom is honored by the Church of God among the triumphs of the other martyrs.

At Danzig in Prussia, the birthday of St. Adalbert, bishop of Prague, and martyr, who preached the Gospel to the Poles and the Hungarians.

At Valence in France, the holy martyrs Felix, a priest, Fortunatus and Achilleus, deacons, who were sent there to preach the word of God by blessed Irenæus, bishop of Lyons. They converted the greater portion of that city to the faith of Christ. These martyrs were cast into prison by the commander Cornélius, were for a long time scourged, had their legs crushed, were bound to wheels in motion, and stifled with smoke while stretched on the rack, and finally died by the sword.

At Milan, St. Marolus, bishop and confessor.

At Toul in France, St. Gerard, bishop of that city.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 23:

CHAPTER LXV
Of the Prior of the Monastery (cont.)

We foresee, therefore, that for the preservation of peace and charity it is
best that the government of the monastery should depend on the will of the
Abbot; and if it can be done, let the affairs of the monastery (as we have
explained before) be attended to by deans, as the Abbot shall dispose; so that,
the same office being shared by many, no one may become proud.

If, however, the place require it, or the brotherhood reasonably and with
humility make the request, and the Abbot shall deem it advisable, let the Abbot
himself appoint as Prior whomever, with the advice of God-fearing brethren,
he shall select. But let the Prior reverently do what his Abbot hath enjoined
on him, doing nothing against the will or the direction of the Abbot; for the
higher he is placed above others, the more careful should he be to obey the
precepts of the Rule.

If the Prior be found disorderly or blinded by vainglory, or hath been
proved to be a contemner of the Holy Rule, let him be admonished up to the fourth
time; if he doth not amend, let the correction of the regular discipline be
applied to him. But if he doth not amend even then, let him be deposed from
the office of priorship, and another who is worthy be appointed in his stead.
But if even afterward he be not quiet and submissive in the brotherhood, let
him also be expelled from the monastery. Still, let the Abbot reflect that he
must give an account to God for all his judgments, lest perhaps envy or
jealousy should sear his conscience.

Martyrology-April 24th
Roman Martyrology-April 24th-on this date in various years-

At Gruch in Switzerland, St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen, priest and martyr, of
the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. He was sent there to preach the Catholic
faith, but was put to death by the heretics. He was numbered among the holy
martyrs by the Sovereign Pontiff, Benedict XIV.

At Rome, St. Sabas, a military officer, who bravely confessed Christ before
the judge when he was accused of visiting the Christians kept in prison.
For this he was burned with torches and thrown into a cauldron of boiling
pitch, out of which he came uninjured. Seventy men were converted to Christ at
the sight of this miracle, and as they all remained unshaken in the confession
of the faith, they were put to the sword. Sabas, however, completed his
martyrdom by being cast into the river.

At Lyons in France, during the persecution of Antoninus Verus, the birthday
of St. Alexander, martyr. After being imprisoned, he was so lacerated by the
cruelty of those who scourged him, that his ribs and the interior of his
body were exposed to view. Then he was fastened to the gibbet of the cross, on
which he yielded up his blessed soul. Thirty-four others who suffered with
him are commemorated on other days.

At Nicomedia, during the persecution of Diocletian, the holy martyrs
Eusebius, Neon, Leontius, Longinus, and four others, all of whom were slain with
the sword after enduring great torments.

In England, the death of St. Mellitus, bishop. He was sent there by St.
Gregory, and he converted to the faith the East Saxons and their king.

At Elvira, in Spain, St. Gregory, bishop and confessor.

In Iona, an island of Scotland, St. Egbert, priest and monk, a man of
admirable humility and continency.

At Rheims in France, the holy virgins Bona and Doda.

At Angers in France, St. Mary Euphrasia Pelletier, virgin and foundress of
the Institute of the Good Shepherd Sisters, whom Pius XII, Sovereign Pontiff,
enrolled among the number of the saints.


At Milan, the Conversion of St. Augustine, bishop, confessor, and doctor of
the Church, whom the bishop St. Ambrose had instructed in the truth of the
Catholic faith, and baptized on this day.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and
holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 24:

CHAPTER LXVI
Of the Porter of the Monastery

Let a wise old man be placed at the door of the monastery, one who knoweth how to take and give an answer, and whose mature age doth not permit him to stray about.

The porter should have a cell near the door, that they who come may always find one present from whom they may obtain an answer. As soon as anyone knocketh or a poor person calleth, let him answer, "Thanks be to God," or invoke a blessing, and with the meekness of the fear of God let him return an answer speedily in the fervor of charity. If the porter hath need of assistance, let him have a younger brother.

If it can be done, the monastery should be so situated that all the necessaries, such as water, the mill, the garden, are enclosed, and the various arts may be plied inside of the monastery, so that there may be no need for the monks to go about outside, because it is not good for their souls. But we desire that this Rule be read quite often in the community, that none of the brethren may excuse himself of ignorance.

Martyrology-April 25th
Roman Martyrology-April 25th-on this date in various years-

At Rome, the Greater Litanies at St. Peter's.

At Alexandria, the birthday of St. Mark the Evangelist, disciple and interpreter of the apostle St. Peter. He wrote his gospel at the request of the faithful at Rome, and taking it with him, proceeded to Egypt and founded a church at Alexandria, where he was the first to preach Christ. Afterwards, being arrested for the faith, he was bound, dragged over stones, and endured great afflictions. Finally he was confined to prison, where, being comforted by the visit of an angel, and even by an apparition of our Lord himself, he was called to the heavenly kingdom in the eighth year of the reign of Nero.

Also at Alexandria, Bishop St. Anian, disciple of blessed Mark, and his successor in the episcopate. With a great renown for virtue, he rested in the Lord.

At Antioch, St. Stephen, bishop and martyr, who suffered a great deal from the heretics opposed to the Council of Chalcedon, and was cast into the river Orontes, in the time of Emperor Zeno.

At Syracuse in Sicily, the holy martyrs Evodius, Hermogenes, and Callista.

At Lobbes in Belgium, the birthday of St. Ermin, bishop and confessor.

At Antioch, the deacons Saints Philo and Agathopodes, who were praised in the letters of blessed Ignatius, bishop and martyr.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 25:

CHAPTER LXVII
Of the Brethren Who Are Sent on a Journey

Let the brethren who are to be sent on a journey recommend themselves to the prayers of all the brotherhood and of the Abbot. And after the last prayer at the Work of God, let a commemoration always be made for the absent brethren.

On the day that the brethren return from the journey, let them lie prostrate on the floor of the oratory at all the Canonical Hours, when the Work of God is finished, and ask the prayers of all on account of failings, for fear that the sight of evil or the sound of frivolous speech should have surprised them on the way.

And let no one presume to relate to another what he hath seen or heard outside of the monastery, because it is most hurtful. But if anyone presume to do so, let him undergo the penalty of the Rule. In like manner let him be punished who shall presume to go beyond the enclosure of the monastery, or anywhere else, or to do anything, however little, without the order of the Abbot.

Martyrology-April 26th
Roman Martyrology-April 26th-on this date in various years-

At Rome, the birthday of St. Cletus, the pope who governed the Church the second after the apostle St. Peter, and was crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Domitian.

St. Marcellinus, pope and martyr, whose birthday is commemorated on the 25th of October.

At Amasea in Pontus, St. Basileus, bishop and martyr, whose illustrious martyrdom occurred under Emperor Licinius. His body was thrown into the sea, but was found by Elpidiphorus, through the reveleation of an angel, and was honorably buried.

At Braga in Portugal, St. Peter, martyr, the first bishop of that city.

At Vienne in France, St. Clarence, bishop and confessor.

At Verona, St. Lucidius, bishop.

In the monastery of Centula in France, St. Richarius, priest and confessor.

At Troyes in France, St. Exuperantia, virgin.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 26:

CHAPTER LXVIII
If a Brother Is Commanded to Do Impossible Things

If, perchance, any difficult or impossible tasks be enjoined on a brother, let him nevertheless receive the order of him who commandeth with all meekness and obedience. If, however, he see that the gravity of the task is altogether beyond his strength, let him quietly and seasonably submit the reasons for his inability to his Superior, without pride, protest, or dissent. If, however, after his explanation the Superior still insisteth on his command, let the younger be convinced that so it is good for him; and let him obey from love, relying on the help of God.

Martyrology-April 27th
Roman Martyrology-April 27th-on this date in various years-

St. Peter Canisius, priest of the Society of Jesus, confessor and doctor of the Church, who departed to the Lord on the 21st of December.

At Nicomedia, during the persecution of Diocletian, the birthday of St. Anthimus, bishop and martyr, who obtained the glory of martyrdom by being beheaded for the faith. Nearly all his numerous flock followed him. The judge ordered some to be beheaded, others to be burned alive, others to be put in boats and sunk in the sea.

At Tarsus in Cilicia, the Saints Castor and Stephen, martyrs.

At Bologna, St. Tertullian, bishop and confessor.

At Brescia, St. Theophilus, bishop.

In Egypt, St. Theodore, abbot, who was a disciple of St. Pachomius.

At Constantinople, the abbot St. John, who valiantly defended the veneration of sacred images, under Leo the Isaurian.

At Tarragona in Spain, the blessed Peter Armengaudius, of the Order of Blessed Mary of Mercy for the Redemption of Captives. He endured many tribulations in Africa in ransoming the faithful, and finally closed his career peacefully in the convent of St. Mary of the Meadows.

At Lucca in Tuscany, blessed Zita, a virgin renowned for virtues and miracles.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 27:

CHAPTER LXIX
That in the Monastery No One Presume to Defend Another

Care must be taken that on no occasion one monk try to defend another in the
monastery, or to take his part, even though they be closely related by ties
of blood. Let it not be attempted by the monks in any way; because such
conduct may give rise to very grave scandal. If anyone overstep this rule, let him
be severely punished.

Martyrology-April 28th
Roman Martyrology-April 28th-on this date in various years-

St. Paul of the Cross, priest and confessor, founder of the Congregation of
the Cross and Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ. He went to his repose in
the Lord on the 18th of October.

At Ravenna, the birthday of St. Vitalis, martyr, father of the Saints
Gervase and Protase. When he had taken up and reverently buried the body of
blessed Ursicinus, he was arrested by the governor Paulinus, and after being
racked and thrown into a deep pit, was covered with earth and stones, and by this
kind of martyrdom went to Christ.

At Atino in Campania, St. Mark, who was made bishop by the blessed apostle
Peter. He was the first to preach the Gospel to the Equicoli, and received
the crown of martyrdom in the persecution of Domitian, under the governor
Maximus.

At Broussa in Bithynia, the holy martyrs Patrick, a bishop, Acatius,
Menander, and Polyaenus.

On the same day, the holy martyrs Aphrodisius, Caralippus, Agapius, and
Eusebius.

In Hungary, St. Pollio, martyr, under the Emperor Diocletian.

At Milan, the martyr St. Valeria, who was the wife of St. Vitalis and the
mother of Saints Gervase and Protase.

At Alexandria, the martyrdom of the virgin St. Theodora. For refusing to
sacrifice to idols, she was sent to a place of debauchery; but one of the
brethren, named Didymus, through the admirable providence of God, delivered her
by quickly exchanging garments with her. He was afterwards beheaded and
crowned with her in the persecution of Diocletian, under the governor Eustratius.

At Tarrazona in Spain, St. Prudentius, bishop and confessor.

At Corfinio in Peligno, St. Pamphilus, bishop of Valva, illustrious for his
charity towards the poor and the gift of miracles. His body was buried at
Solmona.


At St. Laurent sur Sèvres, in the diocese of Luçon, St. Louis-Marie Grignion
de Montfort, confessor and founder of the Missionaries of the Company of
Mary and the Sisters of Wisdom, a form of apostolic life. He was renowned for
his preaching and devotion to the Blessed Mother, and was added to the number
of the saints by Pope Pius XII.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and
holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 28:

CHAPTER LXX
That No One Presume to Strike Another

Let every occasion for presumption be avoided in the monastery. We decree that no one be permitted to excommunicate or to strike any one of his brethren, unless the Abbot hath given him the authority. But let those who transgress be taken to task in the presence of all, that the others may fear (cf 1 Tm 5:20).

Let all, however, exercise diligent and watchful care over the discipline of children, until the age of fifteen; but even that, within due limits and with discretion. For if anyone should presume to chastise those of more advanced years, without the command of the Abbot, or should be unduly provoked with children, let him be subject to the discipline of the Rule; because it is written: "What thou dost not wish to be done to thee, do not thou to another" (Tb 4:16).


Martyrology-April 29th
Roman Martyrology-April 29th-on this date in various years-

St. Peter, a martyr of the Order of Preachers, who was slain for the Catholic faith on the 6th day of April.

At Rome, the birthday of St. Catherine of Siena, virgin of the Third Order of St. Dominic, renowned for her holy life and her miracles. She was inscribed among the canonized virgins by Pope Pius II. Her feast, however, is celebrated on the following day.

At Paphos in Cyprus, St. Tychicus, a disciple of the blessed Apostle Paul, who called him in his Epistles, "most dear brother," "faithful minister," and "fellow-servant in the Lord".

At Pisa in Tuscany, the martyr St. Torpes, who filled a high office in the court of Nero, and was one of those of whom the apostle wrote from Rome to the Philippians: "All the saints salúte you, especially those that are of the house of Caesar." For the faith of Christ, he was, by order of Satellicus, beaten, cruelly scourged, and delivered to the beasts to be devoured, but remained uninjured. He completed his martyrdom by being beheaded.

At Cirta in Numidia, the birthday of the holy martyrs Apapius and Secúndinus, bishops, who, after a long exile in that city, added to the glory of their priesthood the crown of martyrdom. They suffered in the persecution of Valerian, during which the enraged Gentiles made every effort to shake the faith of the just. In their company suffered Aemilian, a soldier, Tertulla and Antónia, consecrated virgins, and a woman with her twin children.

In the island of Codyra, the seven holy thieves who were converted to Christ by St. Jason, and gained eternal life by martyrdom.

At Naples in Campania, Bishop St. Severus, who, among other prodigies, raised for a short time a dead man from the grave in order to convict of falsehood the lying creditor of a widow and her children.

At Brescia, St. Paulinus, bishop and confessor.

In the monastery of Cluny in France, St. Hugh Abbot.

In the monastery of Molesmes in France, St. Robert, the first abbot of the Cistercians.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
The reading appointed from the Rule of St. Benedict for April 29:

CHAPTER LXXI
That the Brethren Be Obedient to One Another

The brethren must render the service of obedience not only to the Abbot, but they must thus also obey one another, knowing that they shall go to God by this path of obedience. Hence, granted the command of the Abbot and of the Superiors who are appointed by him (to which we do not permit private commands to be preferred), in other respects let the younger brethren obey their elders with all charity and zeal. But if anyone is found to be obstinate, let him be punished.

And if a brother be punished in any way by the Abbot or by any of his Superiors for even a slight reason or if he perceive that the temper of any of his Superiors is but slightly ruffled or excited against him in the least, let him without delay cast himself down on the ground at his feet making satisfaction, until the agitation is quieted by a blessing. If anyone scorn to do this, either let him undergo corporal punishment, or, if he be obstinate, let him be expelled from the monastery.

Martyrology-April 30th
Roman Martyrology-April 30th-on this date in various years-

St. Catherine of Siena, virgin of the Third Order of St. Dominic, who on the previous day went to her heavenly Spouse.

At Saintes in France, blessed Eutropius, bishop and martyr, who was consecrated bishop and sent to France by St. Clement. After preaching for many years, he had his skull crushed for bearing testimony to Christ, and thus gained victory by his death.

At Cordova in Spain, the holy martyrs Amator, a priest, Peter, a monk, and Louis.

At Novara, the martyrdom of the holy priest Laurence, and some boys whom he was teaching.

At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Aphrodisius, a priest, and thirty martyrs.

At Lambesa in Numidia, the birthday of the holy martyrs Marian, a lector, and James, a deacon. The former, after having successfully endured many trials for the confession of Christ in the persecution of Decius, was again arrested with his noble companions, and both were subjected to severe and cruel torments, during which they were twice miraculously comforted by heaven, but finally fell by the sword along with many others.

At Ephesus, the martyr St. Maximus, who received his crown during the persecution of Decius.

At Ferno in Piceno, St. Sophia, virgin and martyr.

At Evorea in Epirus, St. Donatus, a bishop, who was eminent for sanctity in the time of Emperor Theodosius.

At Naples in Campania, St. Pomponius, bishop.

At London in England, St. Erkenwald, a bishop celebrated for many miracles.

At Chieri, near Turin, St. Joseph Cottolengo, confessor, founder of the Little House of Divine Providence, full of trust in God and remarkable for his charity toward the poor, whom Pope Pius XI enrolled among the saints.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.