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(1786 - 1859)
The Secret of His Holiness -- A Lesson for Priests and Parents Alike
[Feast day: August 8]

Jean Marie Baptiste Vianney was a religious personality of unusual
force. To the incomparable exclusion of everything else he addressed
himself to the greater honor and glory of God and the salvation of
souls. He accepted his obligation to holiness at an early age, and it
took complete possession of him. Every word he uttered was spoken out
of the world of religiousness. He brought to a conclusion an
achievement which it would be hard for anyone to imitate. From this
man there emanated an influence which cannot be overlooked, and the
results of which cannot be contested.

St. John Vianney's mother was a woman of great piety, and she led him
into the way of religion at an early age. "I owe a debt to my mother,"
he said, and added, "virtues go easily from mothers into the hearts of
their children, who willingly do what they see being done." He was a
good-natured boy, with blue eyes and brown hair. In spite of his
lively disposition, he admitted much later on in life that "when I
was young, I did not know evil. I was first acquainted with it in the
confessional, from the mouths of sinners."

It was only after much toil and trouble that St. John Vianney was
admitted to the priesthood. At the age of 20, he was having great
difficulty in his studies for the priesthood. Mathias Loras, perhaps
the most intelligent of Jean-Marie's fellow seminarians, who was
assigned to help him in his lessons, was of a nervous and excitable
temperament. One day his patience was exhausted by the sheer
incapacity of the big young man, and he boxed his ears before all the
others. Jean-Marie was also excitable, but he knelt down before the
boy of twelve who had treated him so outrageously and humbly asked
his forgiveness. Mathias had a golden heart. Suddenly he felt smitten
with grief and, his face bathed in tears, he threw himself into the
arms of Jean-Marie who was still on his knees. This incident marked
the beginning of an abiding friendship. Mathias Loras subsequently
became a missionary in the United States, and eventually Bishop of
Dubuque, but never could he forget the action of Jean-Marie and the
accent with which he spoke on that occasion.

In his assignment as parish priest of Ars, St. John achieved
something which many priests would like to have done, but which is
scarcely granted to any. Not over night, but little by little, the
tiny hamlet underwent a change. The people of Ars were unable to
remain aloof for long from the grace which radiated from the
remarkable personality of their priest. When a man attacks inveterate
disorders and popular vices, he challenges opposition. St. John was
not unprepared -- he knew the enemy would raise his head. "If a
priest is determined not to lose his soul," he exclaimed, "so soon as
any disorder arises in the parish, he must trample underfoot all human
considerations as well as the fear of the contempt and hatred of his
people. He must not allow anything to bar his way in the discharge of
duty, even were he certain of being murdered on coming down from the
pulpit. A pastor who wants to do his duty must keep his sword in hand
at all times. Did not St. Paul himself write to the faithful of
Corinth: 'I most gladly will spend and be spent myself for your
souls, although loving you more, I be loved less.' "

In his early sermons, he thundered against the prevalent vices of the
village of Ars: Blasphemies, cursing, profanation of Sundays, dances
and gatherings at taverns, immodest songs and conversations. "The
tavern," he would say, "is the devil's own shop, the school where
hell retails its dogmas, the market where souls are bartered, the
placed where families are broken up, where health is undermined,
where quarrels are started and murders committed."

Saint John Marie would never consider Ars converted until all of the
200 villagers were living up to the ten commandments of God, the six
precepts of the Church and the fulfillment of their duties in life.
Was this asking too much in exchange for Heaven? Complete enforcement
of the third commandment took eight long years. "You labor, but what
you earn proves the ruin of your soul and your body. If we ask those
who work on Sunday, 'What have you been doing?' they might answer: 'I
have been selling my soul to the devil and crucifying our Lord... I am
doomed to hell...' When I behold people driving carts on Sunday, it
seems to me I see them carting their souls to Hell."

Undoubtedly though, the most heinous crime in the eyes of this saint,
the one that made him weep whenever he heard it or spoke against it,
was the taking of the most Holy Name of Jesus in vain. He used to say
that it was an astounding miracle that people who did this were not
struck dead on the spot. But he warned them, "If the sin of blasphemy
is rampant in your home, it will surely perish." Modesty was
absolutely required, not only when in church but at all times -- no
low necks or bare arms.

It took St. John Vianney ten whole years to renew Ars, but the
community changed so noticeably and to such an extent that it was
observed even by outsiders. There was no more working on Sundays, the
church was filled more and more every year, and drunkenness fell off.
In the end the taverns had to close their doors since they had no
more customers; and even domestic squabbles abated. Honesty became
the principal characteristic. "Ars is no longer Ars," as St. John
Vianney himself wrote; for it had undergone a fundamental change.
Under his guidance the little village became a community of pious
people, to whom all his labors were directed. He delighted in
teaching the children their catechism and he did this daily. After a
while the grown-ups came too and he found that those who were
children during the Revolution were in complete ignorance of their
religious duties. He taught the people love for the rosary and wanted
everyone to carry one around at all times. It is truly astounding to
reflect upon what St. John Vianney, with a staff of trained
assistants, was able to achieve in the village in the space of a few
years. What an immense amount of endeavor underlay his work will best
be appreciated by anyone who has had to convert only a few drunkards
to sanity.

Jean-Marie sanctified himself whilst at work in the field or in the
house. The supernatural world was ever present to him, but for all
that he was neither a slacker nor a dreamer, his being a healthy and
active temperament. "O what a beautiful thing it is to do all things
in union with the good God!" he would say. "Courage, my soul, if you
work with God, you shall, indeed, do the work, but He will bless it.
You shall walk and He will bless your steps. Everything shall be
taken account of -- the forgoing of a look, of some gratification --
all shall be recorded. There are people who make capital out of
everything, even the winter. If it is cold they offer their little
sufferings to God. Oh! What a beautiful thing it is to offer oneself,
each morning, as a victim to God!"

In letters of consolation to a cousin, Frere Chalovet, whom obedience
had sent to the Hotel-Dieu of Lyons and who was greatly tempted, he
wrote: "My good friend, I write these lines in haste to tell you not
to leave, in spite of all the trials that the good God wishes you to
endure. Take courage! Heaven is rich enough to reward you. Remember
that the evils of this world are the lot of good Christians. You are
going through a kind of martyrdom. But what a happiness for you to be
a martyr of charity! Do not lose so beautiful a crown. 'Blessed are
they that suffer persecution for my sake,' says Jesus Christ, our
model. Farewell, my most dear friend. Persevere along the way on
which you have so happily entered and we shall see each other again
in heaven..." "Courage my good cousin! Soon we shall see it, our
beautiful heaven. Soon there will be no more cross for us! What
divine bliss! To see that good Jesus Who has loved us so much and Who
will make us so happy!"

Often when the Cure was returning to Ars from missionary expeditions,
Mayor Mandy, who was anxious about the safety of his holy pastor,
would send his son Antoine to accompany him on his journey home.
"Even amid the snows and cold of winter," Antoine afterwards related,
"we rarely took the shortest and best road. M. le Cure had invariably
to visit some sick person. Yet the tramp never seemed really long,
for the servant of God well knew how to shorten it by relating most
interesting episodes from the lives of the saints. If I happened to
make some remark about the sharpness of the cold or the ruggedness of
the roads, he was always ready with an answer: 'My friend, the saints
have suffered far more; let us offer it all to the good God.' When he
ceased from speaking of holy things we began the Rosary. Even today I
still cherish the memory of those holy conversations."

St. John Vianney had loved Mary from the cradle. As a priest he had
exerted all his energy in spreading her glory. To convince themselves
of it, the pilgrims had but to look at the small statues of her that
adorned the front of every house in the village. In each home there
was also a colored picture of the Mother of God, presented and signed
by M. le Cure. In 1814 he had erected a large statue of Mary
Immaculate on the pediment of his church. Eight years earlier, on May
1, 1836, he had dedicated his parish to Mary Conceived Without Sin.
The picture which perpetuates this consecration, says Catherine
Lassagne, is placed at the entrance to our Lady's Chapel. Shortly
afterwards he ordered a heart to be made, in vermeil (color), which
is, even to this day, suspended from the neck of the miraculous
Virgin. This heart contains the names of all the parishioners of Ars,
written on a white silk ribbon. On the feasts of Our Lady, Communions
were numerous, and the church was never empty. On the evenings of
those festivals the nave and the side chapels could barely contain
the congregation, for no one wished to miss M. Vianney's homily in
honor of Our Blessed Lady. The hearers were enthralled by the
enthusiasm with which he spoke of the holiness, the power, and the
love of the Mother of God.

The explanation of this mysterious transformation of the village of
Ars can only be grasped in the remarkable manner that this simple
priest realized that a man must always begin with himself, and that
even the rebirth of a community can only be achieved by its renewing
itself. We must expect nothing of men which is not already embodied
within them. On the basis of this perception St. John Vianney set to
work, in the first place, upon himself, so that he could attain the
ideal which he demanded of his parishioners in his own person. He
took his own religious obligations with the greatest seriousness, and
did not care whether the people noticed this or not. And finally the
inhabitants of Ars said to each other: "Our priest always does what
he says himself; he practices what he preaches. Never have we seen
him allow himself any form of relaxation."

The priest of Ars subjected himself to a strict fast. In this way he
sought to reduce the requirements of his life to minimum. One meal
sufficed him for the whole day. He abstained from alcohol except wine
at holy Mass and normally ate only a little black bread and one or two
potatoes cooked in water: he would prepare sufficient of these to last
him the whole week, keeping them in an earthenware pan, and often they
were covered with a coating of mold. Frequently he fasted for a whole
day until, overcome, he would collapse from physical weakness. In
view of this mode of life he had no need, of course, of a housekeeper
-- apart from the fact that his house stood almost empty anyway. Since
he considered that his self-mortification was all too inadequate, he
had a special penitential garment made, which he wore next to his
skin, and which, by reason of the constant friction against his body,
was soon stained a reddish brown. For the most part he slept on a bare
mattress when he was not sleeping on a bundle of wood down in the

St. John Vianney's assiduity in the confessional and the hardships
entailed thereby would, of themselves, have sufficed to raise him to
high sanctity. However, he thirsted for mortifications as others
thirst for pleasure, and he never had his fill of penance. He laid on
himself the sacrifice never to enjoy the fragrance of a flower, never
to taste fruit nor to drink, were it only a few drops of water,
during the height of the summer heat. He would not brush away a fly
that importuned him. When on his knees he would not rest his elbows
on the kneeling bench. He had made a law unto himself never to show
any dislike, and to hide all natural repugnances. He mortified the
most legitimate curiosity: thus he never expressed so much as a wish
to see the railway which passed by Ars at a distance of a few
kilometers, and which daily brought him so many visitors. During the
whole of his priestly life he never indulged in any light reading,
not even that of a newspaper. The Annals of the Propagation of the
Faith are the only periodical that he ever perused.

Regarding mortification, he once said, "My friend, the devil is not
greatly afraid of the discipline and other instruments of penance.
That which beats him is the curtailment of one's food, drink and
sleep. There is nothing the devil fears more, consequently, nothing
is more pleasing to God. Oh! How often have I experienced it! Whilst
I was alone -- and I was alone during eight or nine years, and
therefore quite free to yield to my attraction -- it happened at
times that I refrained from food for entire days. On those occasions
I obtained, both for myself and for others, whatsoever I asked of
Almighty God."

St. John Vianney read much and often the lives of the saints, and
became so impressed by their holy lives that he wanted for himself
and others to follow their wonderful examples. The ideal of holiness
enchanted him. This was the theme which underlay his sermons. "We
must practice mortification. For this is the path which all the
Saints have followed," he said from the pulpit. He placed himself in
that great tradition which leads the way to holiness through personal
sacrifice. "If we are not now saints, it is a great misfortune for us:
therefore we must be so. As long as we have no love in our hearts, we
shall never be Saints." The Saint, to him, was not an exceptional man
before whom we should marvel, but a possibility which was open to all
Catholics. Unmistakably did he declare in his sermons that "to be a
Christian and to live in sin is a monstrous contradiction. A
Christian must be holy." With his Christian simplicity he had clearly
thought much on these things and understood them by divine
inspiration, while they are usually denied to the understanding of
educated men.

The conversion of the whole parish was too unusual an occurrence for
it to remain unknown. From the year 1827, there began the famous
stream of pilgrims to Ars. People went to Ars from all parts of
France, from Belgium, from England and even from America. The
principal motive which led all these crowds of pilgrims to the priest
of Ars was purely the desire for him to hear their confession and to
receive spiritual counsel from him. They were driven to his thronged
confessional by the longing to meet once and for all the priest who
knew all about the reality of the soul. The priest of Ars possessed
the ability to see the human soul in its nakedness, freed of its
body. This grace is only rarely bestowed on men. He never put his
nose into the spiritual affairs of other people. He was entirely free
from inquisitiveness. Like St. Francis de Sales, he had the gift of
"seeing everything and not looking at anyone." In confessing people
this holy man, who had a fundamental knowledge of sin, strove after
one thing only -- to save souls. This was his ardent desire, and for
the sake of it he suffered all the tortures of his daylong
confinement in the confessional. This great saint heard confessions
from 13 to 17 hours a day, and could tell a penitent's sins even when
they were withheld. In order to save souls one must be possessed of
that holy love of men which consumed the priest of Ars. He would
often weep in the confessional and when he was asked why he wept, he
would reply: "My friend, I weep because you do not weep."

"The great miracle of the Cure d'Ars," someone has said, "was his
confessional, besieged day and night." It might be said with equal
truth that his greatest miracle was the conversion of sinners: "I
have seen numerous and remarkable ones," the Abbe Raymond assures us,
"and they form the most beautiful chapter of the life of the Cure
d'Ars. 'Oh, my friend,' he often told me, 'only at the last judgment
will it become known how many souls have here found their
salvation.'" "In reality," Jeanne-Marie Chanay writes, "he made but
small account of miraculous cures. 'The body is so very little,' he
used to repeat. That which truly filled him with joy was the return
of souls to God." How many occasions he had for such joy! M. Prosper
des Garets relates: "I asked him one day how many big sinners he had
converted in the course of the year. 'Over seven hundred,' was his
reply." Hence it is easy to understand the wish expressed by a Cure
who made the pilgrimage to Ars: "Those of my parishioners who go to
M. Vianney become models. I wish I could take my whole parish to

One day, under the pretext of sending him on an errand, the Baronne
de Belvey dispatched to M. Vianney a hardened sinner, who only set
foot in the church at Christmas and Easter. It would seem that he had
not been to confession since his first Communion. "How long is it
since you were last at Confession?", M. le Cure asked. "Oh, forty
years." "Forty-four," the saint replied. The man took a pencil and
made a hasty calculation on the plastering of the wall. "Yes, it is
quite true," he admitted, overcome with amazement. The sinner was
converted and died a good death.

St. John Vianney possessed the gift of being able to understand the
soul of a man in an instant, and, without any lengthy explanations,
to feel at once what spiritual trouble was afflicting it. He had a
clear sighted vision which often enabled him to foretell to a man
what would happen to him in the future. This gift of God overpowered
the people who visited his confessional, and to whom he granted a
word of pardon. The words and advice of the Cure were like darts;
they penetrated deeply. He said little, but his little was enough. To
a priest who complained about the indifference of people in his
parish, St. John Vianney answered: "You have preached, you have
prayed, but have you fasted? Have you taken the discipline (a self
imposed scourge)? Have you slept on the floor? So long as you have
done none of these things, you have no right to complain." To a
mother of a large family, who was expecting another child, he said
with fatherly kindness and consideration: "Be comforted, my child. If
you only knew the women who will go to Hell because they did not bring
into the world the children they should have given to it."

Miracles are signs of divine approval, though sanctity may exist
without them. Had he wrought not a single miracle, the Cure d'Ars
would yet call for our admiration. His life was in itself a daily
prodigy. Ribadeneira, writing of St. Bernard in that volume of the
Lives of the Saints which the Cure d'Ars was forever reading, says
that "the Abbot of Clairvaux was himself the first and greatest of
all his miracles." This sentiment of the old hagiographer has been
reechoed with no less felicity by one of M. Vianney's contemporaries
-- namely, the worthy Jean Peretinand, the village schoolmaster, who
was likewise the saint's friend and his occasional nurse. "The most
arduous, most extraordinary and most prodigious work that the Cure
d'Ars accomplished was his own life." And his neighbor of Fareins,
the Abbe Dubouis, declares that "without supernatural assistance M.
Vianney would have sunk under the crushing weight of his work." "It
is humanly inconceivable that, for the space of thirty years, he
should have been equal to a task under the weight of which any other
priest, however strong he might have been, would have quickly
succumbed," says Canon Gardette. "He was visibly helped by God," is
the attestation of Père Faivre. In conclusion we quote the opinion of
one of the physicians who attended the holy Cure: "Knowing, as I do,
his mode of life, I look upon his existence as extraordinary and
beyond the range of a natural explanation," was the verdict of Doctor
Michel, of Coligny. Hence we may conclude in the words of Paul
Bourget: "No, the era of miracles is not over, but to produce them
saints are required -- and they are too few."

In the Process of his canonization, Mgr. Mermod, who was Cure of Gex
at the time, relates the following incident: "An incorrigible
drunkard of Chaleins, my former parish, was converted by M. Vianney.
During the three years that he lived afterwards that man never drank
a drop of wine, and led an exemplary life. Now a striking thing
happened. One day the good man called at the priest's residence; he
was quite well, yet he wished to go to confession, giving as his
reason that he was going to die. As he persisted in his request, I
gave him absolution and Holy Communion. An hour later he was dead."

Mlle. Claudine Venet, of Viregneux, a small village of the canton of
Saint-Galmier, in the Loire, was taken to Ars on February 1, 1850. In
consequence of an attack of brain fever, she had become completely
deaf and blind. M. Vianney had never seen her; no one had introduced
her to him. On that February 1, she happened to be standing outside
the church as he went by. Without speaking a word, he took her hand,
led her into the sacristy and made her kneel down in the
confessional. He had hardly given her his blessing when her sight and
hearing returned. It seemed to her that she had awakened from a long
dream. After her confession, the servant of God made the following
amazing prophecy: "Your eyes are healed, but you will become deaf for
another twelve years. It is God's will that it should be so!" On
leaving the sacristy, Claudine Venet felt her ears closing once more.
As a matter of fact, she could no longer hear anything. The infirmity
lasted twelve years as foretold on this February 1, 1850. Calm and
resigned, enjoying the sight that had been restored to her, the
stricken woman awaited the day of her deliverance. Great was her
emotion when, on January 18, 1862, she felt perfectly cured.

In 1854, a girl of Montchanin (Saone-et-Loire) of the name of
Farnier, came to Ars to beg from M. Vianney the cure of her paralyzed
leg. "My child," the saint told her, "you disobey your mother far too
often, and answer her back in a disrespectful manner. If you wish the
good God to cure you, you must correct that ugly defect. Oh! what a
task lies before you! But remember one thing: you will indeed get
well, but by degrees, according as you try to correct that defect."
As soon as Mlle. Farnier returned home she endeavored to show more
obedience and respect to her mother. Her crippled leg, which had been
four inches shorter than the other, insensibly grew longer, and at the
end of a few years her infirmity had wholly vanished.

His cousin, Marguerite Humbert, came one day to beg his prayers for
one of her little daughters who was dangerously ill. "She is ripe for
heaven," he said without hesitation. "As for you, my cousin, you need
crosses to make you think of God."

Françoise Lebeau, a poor girl of Saint-Martin-de-Commune in the
Saoneet-Loire, had become quite blind. She went with her mother on a
pilgrimage to Ars. They begged their bread the whole way and slept in
stables or sheds. To this poor girl M. Vianney did not fear to
disclose something of the divine mystery of suffering, for his
inspired gaze had fathomed her valiant spirit. "My child," he said,
"you can be cured, but if the good God restores your sight, your
salvation will be less assured; if, on the contrary, you consent to
keep your infirmity, you will go to heaven, and I even guarantee that
you will have a high place there." The blind girl understood; she no
longer asked for a cure and left Ars in a state of perfect
resignation to God's will. Nor had M. Vianney the courage to pity the
mothers whose children died in infancy. "I had the misfortune to lose
one of my children aged five years," relates Mme. des Garets. "This
is what M. Vianney replied to my brother-in-law who brought the news
to him: 'Happy mother, happy child! What a grace for both of them!
How is it that this innocent little one has merited that its time of
probation should have been shortened, to enable it to enter so soon
into eternal bliss?'"

Even in the purely material order Ars appeared to be under a special
protection. "I have heard my mother say," Madeleine Mandy-Scripiot
relates, "that since 1825, the year she came to live in the parish,
until the death of M. Vianney, there never was a hailstorm. She
ascribed this protection to the merits of the servant of God, the
more so as he himself was in the habit of asking for prayers that we
might be spared the scourge." "It has been remarked," Mlle. Marthe
des Garets adds, "that during the whole time of his ministry at Ars
(41 years) no damage was ever done by storms."

Other supernatural favors also -- such as are met with in the lives
of the greatest mystics -- fell to the lot of the Cure d'Ars. Thus he
received in a plentiful measure the gift of tears. According to St.
Teresa, these tears spring from a sentiment of ineffable tenderness
towards God, or from the interior martyrdom endured by the soul when
it sees God being offended. "Those tears are caused by God and shed
in ecstasy," Lacordaire writes. M. Vianney could never speak of sin
and sinners without shedding tears. He sobbed all the time he was
making the Stations of the Cross. When he distributed Holy Communion,
tears would often trickle down upon his chasuble. In the last years of
his life in particular, he could never preach about the Eucharist, the
goodness and love of God, the happiness of heaven -- those were his
favorite topics -- without being stopped by his tears.

Those who were in the closest contact with him, those who were most
intimate with him were the first to proclaim his sanctity. "They
never discovered in his conduct a deliberate venial sin," says a
priest of Ars. We have testimony of the Abbe Louis Beau, Cure of
Jasans, who knew the saint more intimately than anyone else as he was
his confessor during the last thirteen years of his life: "I do not
think that he slackened his effort for as much as a day. He
discharged his duties as a priest and pastor with admirable delicacy
of conscience and he persevered until death in a strict fulfillment
of all his duties. I particularly noticed the manner in which he made
the sign of the cross, recited grace before meals and the Ave Maria
when the hour struck. I am still deeply moved by the remembrance of
what I witnessed on those occasions. With what angelic piety he
recited his Breviary! I cannot find words to express myself. I do not
think it is possible to go any further in the practice of heroic
virtues. When I read the Lives of the Saints I fail to discover in
them anything exceeding that which I have witnessed in M. le Cure
d'Ars. He was surrounded by a halo of sanctity. I cannot express with
how much veneration and respect for his person he inspired me. It is
my opinion that he had preserved the grace of his baptism, and to
that grace he was constantly adding by the eminent sanctity of his

On Aug. 4, 1859, Fr. John Vianney gave up his soul to God. He had
been parish priest of Ars for 41 years. In 1925, he received the
highest honor of the Church by being canonized and placed in the
index of the Saints. Today over 500,000 people visit every year this
simple farming town where they come to see the incorrupt body of one
of the greatest saints in the history of the Church. The life of St.
John Vianney is the story of a humble and holy man who barely
succeeded in becoming a priest, but who converted thousands of

Sincerely in Christ,
Our Lady of the Rosary Library
"Pray and work for souls"

If imitation could be measured in percentages, then I would say that if many priests today would imitate even 20% of the Cure of Ars, then the Church would be in better shape.
You can download his sermons here

And Catechism of St. John Maria Vianney

St. John Maria Vianney, Pray for us
Patron Saint of confessors, parish priests and draft dodgers! St Jean-Marie, pray for us! Cou :)rse, it doesn't hurt that my name translates into French as Jean-Marie!