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The Franciscan priest who was kidnapped in Syria on October 5 and released a few days later now faces a trial before an Islamic court, in a region controlled by Islamic rebels.

Father Hanna Jallouf has been under effective “house arrest” since his release on October 9, reports Father Pierbattista Pizzaballa, the head of the Franciscan custody in the Holy Land. He now will face a trial before the local Islamic court on charges of “collaborationism with the Assad regime.”

Let us pray that he remain faithful to the Catholic  Faith.
In all likelihood, he will be executed. These killings are basically extrajudicial but are conducted under the pretense of law. A priest is, in theory, entitled to certain protections as a member of a protected religious minority, a ḏimmī , and historically in Islamic societies Christian clerics were generally not subject to violence provided they regulated their behaviors in such a way as not to challenge the primacy of Islam.

In practice, though, Islamic militants have executed Christians and others routinely on trumped-up charges of espionage and collaboration with the enemy. This is how IS and other organizations have seen fit to kill even other Muslims, including fellow Sunnis, in the Syrian Arab Army. Another case worth noting is that of Peter Kassig, who appears at the end of the latest execution video by the Islamic State, and who is apparently their next victim. Peter Kassig is an American medical relief worker who had been assisting Syrian refugees fleeing across the border into Turkey. He converted to Islam and took the name ʿAbd ur-Raḥmān while working among these refugees. He was kidnapped after entering eastern Syria from Turkey,  traveling to Dayr az-Zawr to assist Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Although, as a Muslim, he is not a legitimate target to be killed in the course of fighting a religious war, he is still subject to execution on the basis of apostasy, espionage, or other charges.
More details on the case of this priest, the Rev. Fr. Hanna Jallouf, can be found in this article, which I reproduce in full, from the World Watch Monitor:

Quote:The last of a group of 20 Syrian Christians kidnapped Oct. 5 have been released as their pastor awaits trial before an Islamic court.

Rev. Hanna Jallouf, a Franciscan priest in the northeastern Syria town of Knayeh, was abducted with about 20 other Christians late Oct. 5. The town, in Idlib province, is 8 kilometers from the Turkish border, an area where al-Nusra Front and other rebel groups have been fighting the Syrian army for three years.

Citing Franciscan administrators in the region as well as "local sources," the Vatican news agency Fides reported Oct. 7 that Jallouf and "several men of the Christian village" had been abducted. On Oct. 9, Fides reported that four women had been released the previous day. On Oct. 10, it reported that, of the remaining 16 hostages, all but five men had been released by Oct. 9. Finally, on Oct. 13, Fides reported that the final five had been released.

Several children were reported to be among the abductees. Three Franciscan nuns who run a youth center and dispensary in the village were inside the St. Joseph Convent at the time of the kidnappings and escaped capture.

The superiors of Jallouf's Franciscan religous order said they suspect Al-Nusra Front elements were responsible for the kidnappings.

Militants of the self-proclaimed "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria" had taken control of Knayeh village and the surrounding region last year, forcing churches to remove their crosses, banning the ringing of church bells and requiring women to veil their faces. Fides says 300 Christians remain in the small village and nearby area.

But when the ISIS elements moved to the east at the end of 2013, Al-Nusra jihadists took over. Reportedly the group, which has seized control of both Christian and Muslim villages in the area, had recently seized Jallouf's passport.

Rev. Pierbattista Pizzaballa, major superior of the Franciscan group called Custody of the Holy Land, said the Knayeh Christians were being accused falsely of “collaborating” with the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. One source in Aleppo told news agency Agence France-Presse that the convent had been completely looted, and another report alleged the rebels had taken these church relics and documents to use as “evidence” against the Christians, to try them before an Islamic court. However, Pizzaballa could not confirm either of these claims.

Fides reported Oct. 13 that Islamic authorities had confined Jallouf to Knayeh, and would try him on charges of collabortion with the Assad regime, though no trial date was specified.

A Syrian activist contacted after the kidnapping told AFP that Al-Nusra had been trying to take control of some of the Franciscan properties in Knayeh, which had been resisted by Jallouf.

According to AFP’s Aleppo source, Al-Nusra rebels were “angry with Father Hanna because he refused to give them some of the olives harvested from trees on the convent’s land.”
The 62-year-old has lived in Knayeh for the past 12 years, one of 19 Franciscan workers currently serving in the country. A religious order of Catholics who still use the Latin rite, the Franciscans have ministered in Syria for the past eight centuries.

In April, a Dutch Jesuit priest who refused to leave the embattled Syrian city of Homs, Frans van der Lugt, was killed by so-far unidentified assassins in his garden.

Two weeks ago, a defector from IS in Raqaa told the BBC that an Italian Jesuit priest, Father Paolo Dall’Oglio (who went missing in July 2013 after visiting ISIS’ headquarters to try to hold talks) is still alive, but apparently a hostage.

Two Bishops from Aleppo, Yohanna Ibrahim and Boulos Yaziji, were kidnapped in April 2013: there has been no word about them for some time.

The Franciscan Media Center of the Custodia Sanctae Terrae has covered this case in depth, interviewing the Custos for the Holy Land of the Friars Minor about the case.
Let us pray for them that they remain faithful to the Catholic Faith.