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It is a requirement for Catholics to receive communion at least once a year, during Eastertide.  But besides being presumably a mortal sin if one doesn't commune, does that make them apostate, or something else?
According the Catechism, apostasy is "the total repudiation of the Christian faith" (CCC 2089). So, it would simply make them an unfaithful Catholic, depending on their circumstances of course.
A Catholic is obliged by a commandment of the Church (not a dictate of the Faith), to receive Communion worthily at least once a year during the Easter period. Different places have slightly longer or shorter periods during which this can be fulfilled. In the United States, for instance, it is from the First Sunday in Lent to Trinity Sunday. If one must confess in order to make a good Communion during this period, then this is also obliged.

Since it is a legal requirement of the Church, and not a dictate of the Faith, one is not an Apostate (which is to abandon the Faith), if one fails to keep this requirement. If he has done so through his own fault and he had the opportunity to make a Communion during this time, he would commit a grave sin.
(12-22-2018, 11:44 PM)MagisterMusicae Wrote: [ -> ]If he has done so through his own fault and he had the opportunity to make a Communion during this time, he would commit a grave sin.

Agreed.  It would be a sin and I do not believe it would amount to apostasy.

Also, keep in mind, it does not have to be the exact day of Easter.  You have 50 days of Eastertide (Easter to Pentecost) to worthily receive communion.
As MM pointed out, in the US 'Easter Communion' may be made from the First Sunday in Lent to Trinity Sunday, a bit more than just the liturgical Easter season.