Bishop Sanborn responds to the "rupture theology" article
(06-06-2009, 08:23 AM)GodFirst Wrote:
lamentabili sane Wrote:No. Baptism of Desire and Baptism of Blood are teachings of the Church. St. Alphonsus gives them the theological note of de fide.

Without supernatural Faith one cannot be saved. A man who hasn't the Faith, whether he is guilty for that or not, cannot be saved.  This is de fide.  If he is innocent, God will send him further graces so that he may be enlightened and brought to salvation.  Which is all that Pope Pius IX is saying.  In that place he is merely cutting off accusations of injustice or "unfairness" against God, having just laid down that there isn't any salvation outside the Church.  In other words, "Don't worry about the invincibly ignorant - they won't be left to die in that state.  If they are truly innocent they will be brought to salvation by God's light and grace."  That is, by His LIGHT - which means, by being granted the light of true Faith.  None of this was controversial when everybody followed St. Thomas, but between the liberals (or those deceived by them, like schoolman) and the Feeneyites, it has all gotten tangled up.

So are you saying that Supernatural Faith is equivalent with the articles of the Catholic Faith, that is, Catholic Dogmas? Can a such persons be saved by a Supernatural Faith which does not included an explicit belief in God's Triune Divine Nature? If not, then how did all the Old Testament Saints attain salvation? Or is God more demanding now after His Incarnation? I'm asking honestly.
I guess my overwhole question is: What is absolutely necessary to possess the Theoloogical (Supernatural) Virtue of Faith for adults, that is?

What is the nature of the act of faith made by a person who is invincibly ignorant of the divine authority of the Catholic Church? There is only one virtue of faith: supernaturally firm belief in all that God has revealed. Of course, a Catholic knows what God has revealed, at least in outline, but one who is invincibly ignorant of the Church does not. In this case, his faith must contain the disposition to believe whatever God has revealed, as soon as he shall become aware of it, and must be explicit as to the four essential articles of faith:

(i)  The existence of a single God
(ii)  That God will reward the just and punish the wicked
(iii) The triune nature of God
(iv) The Incarnation of God the Son for man's salvation.

(My understanding is that a minority of more recent theologians hold that only the first two articles suffice and this view is not condemned, though the contrary doctrine is preferred.)

God will make known His revelation of the necessary articles to anyone who is faithful to conscience, so that the necessary means of salvation may not be wanting to him. The statement that there is no salvation outside the Church is, therefore, absolutely true and admits of no exception whatsoever. For the purposes of eligibility for salvation, the Church includes not only recognized Catholics, but also catechumens and all those who, being invincibly ignorant of the duty to join her, possess true supernatural faith, explicit as to the necessary articles, allowing them to be counted Catholics in voto - by desire.

The faith which is absolutely necessary for salvation is a supernatural virtue moving one to believe firmly all that God has revealed, and is explicit as to the essential articles listed above. It cannot be replaced by Protestant "faith" meaning the impious and unjustified conviction that one's sins are forgiven (Dz. 802), or by natural knowledge of God's existence, or by mere opinion as to supernatural truths; nor can it be a faith having no object - it is necessary to believe what God has in fact revealed. What is necessary for salvation by necessity of means admits of no substitute, excuse or exception. Ignorance thereof is always either sinful in itself or permitted by God in consequence of other sins against one's conscience. What is necessary by precept, but not by necessity of means, admits exceptions in the case of invincible ignorance. God may allow exceptions to positive law, but not to dogma.

Thus it is not in every case absolutely necessary for salvation to be within the visible communion of the Catholic Church, but it is absolutely necessary to share the Church's faith and to be united with her at least in voto.



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Re: Bishop Sanborn responds to the "rupture theology" article - by lamentabili sane - 06-06-2009, 08:51 PM



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