Petite Église
#1
Could someone tell me more of the "Petite Église"? It was a Catholic schismatic group founded in 1801 after the concordant between Napoleon and the Pope, it later rejoined the Church in 1911. Like why it was founded and particular characteristics of them?

For French speakers here is the French wiki article http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petite_%C3%89glise
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#2
You guys are way too slow for this Hungarian, I have used Google, source of all Earthly knowledge, to give me the answers I seek (i.e. trnaslating the French page from the other source of all human knowledge, wikipedia, into English).


Google translator, French wikipediia Wrote:The church was founded after the double rejection of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790) and the composition of 1801 by a party of the Church of France.

This is the generic term under which it brings together groups from 1801 to today have rejected the Concordat signed between the First Consul Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII . Recent research has identified some forty of these groups in France and in Belgium, France at the time [1]. . These groups together some 100 000 faithful in the early nineteenth century.  They are the last survivors of Gallicanism de la France d'Ancien Régime who refuse the ultramontanism the compositions and the French Revolution. Their missals still use formulations that read King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette in captivity.

Today, only four communities exist: the "dissidents" of the Poitou (3 000 faithful), the "stevens Belgian (300 followers), the" whites "in Burgundy (300 followers) and the Little Church of Lyon (400 faithful ).

All these groups have in common not to have priests with them for over 150 years, the last being dead priests anticoncordataires to 1840. Lay people have taken over, prayers are now called at home, or in chapels (as in Poitou or Belgium).

he following information concerning the history of the Little Church of the Aveyron, but are highly significant in the history of many other groups in this movement.

The bishop of Rodez, Bishop Colbert-Seignelay, opposed the arrangement.  Following the work of the vicar Bernard Souquières, particularly refractory convinced that hid in the Olt Valley, several communities of the Aveyron followed, including Notre-Dame-d'Aynès, Grand-Vabre, and the other side of the Olt in the Cantal, Cassaniouze, Vieillevie, Ladinhac, Saint-Project, and later in the Cantal St. ILLIDE.

Members of these communities, led by abbots and Régis Delhom, were nicknamed the Enfarinés because they kept the long hair and powdered in the fashion of the Old Regime.

From 1810, for lack of priests, the community are languishing. Some, however, remain long outside the "big church", meeting on Sundays, baptizing them are refusing to go into churches or to host a priest for the sacrament of the sick. The oldest Enfarinés chaired the funeral.

Early Church Cassaniouze to be maintained, in the hamlet of Becar until 1911, when the bishop of Saint-Flour, Paul-Augustin Lecoeur, received the abjuration of the last true, then reinstated in the Church Romaine.

In Britain the resistance to the Church Constitution and composition, are called "Louiset.

This name comes from the last place of public worship which met Catholics who resisted the civil constitution of the clergy, the Chapel of the Hospital Saint-Louis de Fougères.

The "patriarch" of Louiset was Father Joseph Goret of Martin (1753 - 1816), a priest from a family of illustrious Fougeras country.  Few months after the promulgation of the Concordat in April 1801, the abbot of Goret Martinas left the chapel of Saint-Louis to not celebrate with his followers in the walls of his mansion located in the impasse Aumaillerie (now rue Chateaubriand).
. Other priests followed suit as the Abbé Fleury (1758-1832) or his successor Abbot Juvigny of the last priest Louiset which remained present at Ferns, where he died in 1843.  These celebrated at Mrs. de la Lézardière, another personality of the region.

During the Empire civil authorities tracassèrent not limited Louiset. They formed a relatively large but very close and they were never perceived as a group that could threaten public order as it could be the case in other regions.  With the Restoration they suffered the greatest persecution under pressure from the clergy, determined to bring all the flocks in the ranks and anxious to impose its full authority. This hard clerical took many forms (encouragement of hassle police went to arrest, defense trade with the Louiset or give them work).

Consequently, the small world of Louiset became very suspicious and secrecy to any person outside the community. But this makes it very rare for a Louiset be publicly recognized as such.  From this period comes the use of never talking about religion outside the family and minimize the social contacts especially vis-à-vis the "hate" (nickname originally given to the priests who had accepted to pay oath of hatred to the monarchy during the Revolution, and then assigned to all Catholics who accept the "new order of things").

He finally pushed a number of these families pushed to poverty or simply seeking to escape the annoyances to follow their consciences in peace to leave the UK to reach the capital, where they could more easily go unnoticed or even to emigrate to abroad.  This persecution led to its climax visceral distaste for the clergy acquired new political and religious feeling that passes from generation to generation: a classic Louiset behavior is never to admit the slightest contact with the clergy from the Revolution, or set foot in a church during a religious celebration. Few community from the outset, there is no willingness to establish any organization or an association to structure this religious sect or unite families.  The Louiset do nothing and aspire to be invisible to be left in peace.  addition, horror aroused among the clergy themselves heir to the Revolution and the Empire, and its current guidelines (the "dialogue with the modern world" for them that is the latest manifestation of the unacceptable spirit of compromise of the Church of France expressed in the acceptance of the Napoleonic Concordat) added that for those groups or movements that are located on the borders of Catholicism, without appeal cataloged as schismatic or sectarian abuse.

. The Louiset (as all the dissidents of the Little Church) shudder at the thought that their glorious tradition of loyalty to the "legitimate bishops of Brittany" could provide a screen of repute in the religious adventurers who are now the heirs of the Gallican Church.  This religious dimension only family or individual is now claimed as their own identity and a guarantee of full membership in the Catholic Church.  To this end, subtly, they emphasized that they "pray for the Pope" and they generally refuse to discuss the question of the legitimacy of the clergy in France. They only say "not able to use their ministry" and adhere to their religious life to pastoral provisions made by the bishops legitimate times of persecution, they say, are not closed.

The cult following the religious calendar of the Old Regime and the ancient observances (especially as regards the discipline of the young).  Since 1801 it has become exclusively domestic, which makes them by definition of "chamber".  It is characterized mostly by the presence in the house or apartment of a family "chapel", a name given to a high and wide cabinet placed in the most beautiful room of the house, without any sign outside sacred may reveal its true destination. It is usually closed, especially in the presence of foreigners in the family.  At the "Messe" or vespers or rosary, the dean or the dean of the family opens the cupboard and found a home altar shaped triptych whose wealth of interior contrasts with the sobriety anonymous externally. The ornaments of the day are taken from the drawers of the lower part (called "sacristy") and are placed on the altar. On the top of the altar, as on the internal parts of the doors of the cupboard, shelf supports several sacred images and statues of saints and chandeliers.

The "chapels" the most beloved are those who maintain, in addition, a "Treasury", a name given to liturgical vessels that were used by the clergy Refractory or have been removed during the Revolution to avoid being "defiled composition by the cult. "  The celebration is carried out by the dean who heads quietly reciting the Office of the Mass to which the rest of the family, except consacratoires prayers that are read in the greatest silence, punctuated at the beginning and at the end by bearings altar bells that signal the time for "consecrated". La communion eucharistique est spirituelle. The Eucharist is spiritual communion.

Mixed marriages are experienced as real tragedies and they have led to immediate rupture of relations with the young couple if (a) fiance (e) does not adopt the religious practices of the family (to Louise) [ 2] [3]

Most books that examine the little church are few references to the Catholic resistance movement in Britain [4] to focus their attention almost exclusively on the Vendée region.
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