Pentecost Sunday-An excellent explanation.
Pentecost Sunday> (Whitsunday)
> J.M.J.
> Rev. Fr. Leonard Goffine's
> The Church's Year
What festival is this?>
> It is the day on which the Holy Ghost descended in the form of fiery
> tongues, upon the apostles and disciples, who with Mary, the Mother
> of Jesus, were assembled in prayer in a house at Jerusalem. (Acts
> II.)
> Why is this day called Pentecost?> >
  The word "Pentecost" is taken from the Greek, and signifies fifty. As
> St. Jerome explains it, this was the last of the fifty days,
> commencing with Easter, which the early Christians celebrated as days
> of rejoicing at the resurrection of the Lord.
> Why is this day observed so solemnly?>
> Because on this day the Holy Ghost, having descended upon the
> apostles, the law of grace, of purification from sin, and the
> sanctification of mankind, was for the first time announced to the
> world; because on this day the apostles, being filled with the Holy
> Ghost, commenced the work of purifying and sanctifying mankind, by
> baptizing three thousand persons who were converted by the sermon of
> St. Peter; and because on this day the Church of Jesus became visible
> as a community to the world, and publicly professed her faith in her
> crucified Saviour.
> Why did the Holy Ghost descend on the Jewish Pentecost?>
> Because on their Pentecost the Jews celebrated the anniversary of the
> giving of the law on Mount Sinai, and God would show by sending the
> Holy Ghost on this days that the Old Law had ceased and the New Law
> commenced. God also chose this time, that the Jews who on this day
> came together from all countries to Jerusalem to celebrate the
> Pentecost, might be witnesses of the miracle, and hear the New Law
> announced by the apostles.
> Why is the baptismal font blessed on the vigil of Pentecost, as on
> Holy Saturday
> Because the Holy Ghost is the Author of all sanctity and the Fountain
> of baptismal grace, and because in the Acts (i. 5.) the descent of the
> Holy Ghost itself is called a baptism.
> In the Introit of the Mass the Church rejoices at the descent of the
> Holy Ghost and sings:
> INTROIT The Spirit of the Lord hath filled the whole earth, allel.;
> and that which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice,
> Allel., allel., allel. (Wisd. I.7.) Let God arise, and his enemies be
> scattered: and let them that hate him, fly before his face. (Ps. 67.)
> Glory etc.
> COLLECT God, who on this day didst instruct the hearts of the
> faithful by the light of the Holy Spirit: grant us in the same spirit
> to relish what is right, and ever to rejoice in His consolation.
> Through Our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
> Thee in the unity of the same Holy Ghost, God, world without end.
> Amen.
> LESSON (Acts II. I-II.) When the days of Pentecost were accomplished,
> they were all together in one place; and suddenly there came a sound
> from heaven, as of a mighty wind coming, and it filled the whole
> house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them parted
> tongues as it were of fire, and it sat upon every one of them:. and
> they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they began to speak
> with divers tongues, according as the Holy Ghost gave them to speak.
> Now there were. dwelling at Jerusalem, Jews, devout men, of every
> nation under heaven. And when this was noised abroad, the multitude
> came together, and were confounded in mind, because that every man
> heard them speak in his own tongue: and they were all amazed, and
> wondered, saying: Behold, are not all these that speak Galileans? And
> how have we heard every man our own tongue wherein we were born?
> Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and inhabitants of Mesopotamia,
> Judea, and Cappadocia, Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphilia,
> Egypt, and the parts of Lybia about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome,
> Jews also and Proselytes, Cretes and Arabians: we have heard them
> speak in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.
> Why did the Holy Ghost come upon the apostles in the form of fiery
> tongues
> The appearance of fiery tongues indicated the gift of language
> imparted to the apostles by the Holy Ghost, and inflamed their hearts
> and the hearts of the faithful with the love of God and their
> neighbor.
> Why did a mighty wind accompany the descent?>
> To direct the attention of the people to the descent of the Holy
> Ghost, and to assemble them to hear the sermon of the Apostle Peter.
> What special effects did the Holy Ghost produce in the apostles?>
> He freed them from all doubt and fear; gave them His light for the
> perfect knowledge of truth; inflamed their hearts with the most
> ardent love, and incited in them the fiery zeal for the propagation
> of the kingdom of God, strengthened them to bear all sufferings and
> persecutions, (Acts V. 41.) and gave them the gift of speaking in
> various languages, and of discerning spirits.
> GOSPEL (John XIV. 23-31,) At that time, Jesus said to his disciples:
> If any one love me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love
> him, and we will come to him, and will make our abode with him. He
> that loveth me not, keepeth not my words: and the word which you have
> heard is not mine, but the Father's, who sent me. These things have I
> spoken to you, abiding with you: but the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost,
> whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things,
> and bring all things to your mind, whatsoever I shall have said to
> you. Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the
> world giveth, do I give unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, nor
> let it be afraid. You have heard that I said to you, I go away, and I
> come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I
> go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I. And now I have
> told you before it came to pass, that when it shall come to pass you
> may believe. I will not now speak many things with you; for the
> prince of this world cometh, and in me he hath not anything. But that
> the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father hath
> givers me commandment, so do I.
> Why is the Holy Ghost expressly called "Holy," since this attribute
> is due to each of the divine persons?>

> Because He is the Author of inward sanctity and of all supernatural
> gifts and graces, and therefore to Him is especially ascribed the
> work of man's sanctification.
> What does the Holy Ghost effect in man?>
> He enlightens him that he may know the truths of religion and
> salvation, and the beauty of virtue; He moves him to desire, to aim
> after and to love these things; He renews his heart by cleansing it
> from sin, and imparts to him the supernatural gifts and graces by
> which he can become sanctified, and He brings forth in him wonderful
> fruits of holiness.
> What are the gifts of the Holy Ghost?>
> According to the Prophet Isaias they are seven:
> 1.The gift of wisdom, which enables us to know God, to esteem
> spiritual more than temporal advantages, and to delight only in
> divine things.
> 2. The gift of understanding, by which we know and understand that
> which our faith proposes to our belief; children and adults should
> pray fervently for this gift, especially before sermons and
> instructions in the catechism.
> 3.The gift of counsel, which gives us the knowledge necessary to
> direct ourselves and others when in doubt, a gift particularly
> necessary for superiors, for those about choosing their state of
> life, and for married people who live unhappily, and do not know how
> to help themselves.
> 4. The gift of fortitude, which strengthens us to endure and
> courageously overcome all adversities and persecutions for virtue's
> sake.
> 5. The gift of knowledge, by which we know ourselves, our duties, and
> how to discharge them in a manner pleasing to God.
> 6. The gift of piety, which induces us to have God in view in all our
> actions, and infuses love in our hearts for His service.
> 7. The gift of the fear of the Lord, by which we not only fear the
> just punishment, but even His displeasure at every sin, more than all
> other things in the world.
> Which are the fruits of the Holy Ghost?>
> As St. Paul (Gal. V.. 22-23.) enumerates them, they are twelve:
> 1. Charity. 2. Joy. 3. Peace. 4. Patience. 5. Benignity. 6. Goodness.
> 7. Longanimity. 8. Mildness. 9. Faith. 10. Modesty. 11. Continency.
> 12. Chastity.
> To obtain these fruits as well as the gifts of the Holy Ghost, we
> should daily say the prayer: "Come, O Holy Ghost, etc."
> Why does Christ say: The Father is greater than I?>
> Christ as God is in all things equal to His Father, but as Christ was
> at the same time Man, the Father was certainly greater than the
> Man-Christ.
> Why does Christ say: I will not now speak many things with you?>
> Christ spoke these words a short time before His passion, and by them
> He wished to say that the time was near at hand when Satan, by his
> instruments, the wicked Jews, would put Him to death, not because
> Satan had this power over Him, but because He Himself wished to die
> in obedience to the will of His Father.
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