"On the Benefit of Christ's Death"
The spirituali, members of a reform movement[1]  within the Catholic Church, operated from about 1510 to the 1560s.

The ranks of the spirituali included `Cardinal Gasparo Contarini (1483-1542), Cardinal Jacopo Sadoleto (1477-1547), Cardinal Reginald Pole (1500-1558), and the artist Michelangelo (1475-1564). These "Italian evangelicals" proposed to reform the Catholic Church through a spiritual renewal and internalisation of faith by each individual. They saw the intense study of scripture and justification by faith as means to that end. The Spirituali took many of their ideas from older Catholic texts but certainly found inspiration in the Protestant Reformation, especially Calvinism. The Benedictine monk Benedetto Fontanini wrote the first version of the most notable expression of Spirituali doctrine, the Beneficio di Cristo, in 1543; later the poet and humanist Marcantonio Flaminio revised it.

However, although Spirituali occupied positions of high power within the church hierarchy, they failed to achieve much change and more "fundamentalist" zelanti currents, such as the Jesuits, set the church on a course of confrontation with the Protestants at the Council of Trent (1545-1563). It has been speculated[by whom?] that the Spirituali's lack of success stemmed from their hope for Church reform without a challenge to Catholic authority; that is to say, for a peaceful renewal from within. This made them suspect to both Protestants and conservative Catholics and made the movement ineffective. Pope Paul IV (1555-1559) acted to suppress the Spirituali and many went on trial before the Inquisition.

The moral is that the spirituali movement was an attempt, which did not survived.

Messages In This Thread
Re: "On the Benefit of Christ's Death" - by glgas - 06-04-2010, 06:45 AM
Re: "On the Benefit of Christ's Death" - by Benno - 06-04-2010, 09:29 AM
Re: "On the Benefit of Christ's Death" - by glgas - 06-05-2010, 06:23 AM

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