Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus
#15
THis is what Orestes Brownson says, from the 19th century: He is quoting Billuart, a theologian.

" I have said," says Billuart, " that, catechumens are not actually and properly in the Church, because, when they request admission into the Church, and when they already have faith and charity, they may be said to be in the Church proximately and in desire, as one may be said to be in the house because he is in the vestibule for the purpose of immediately entering. And in this sense must be taken what I have elsewhere said of their pertaining to the Church, that is, that they pertain to her inchoately, as aspirants who voluntarily subject themselves to her laws ; and they may be saved, notwithstanding there is no salvation out of the Church ; for this is to be understood of one who is in the Church neither actually nor virtually, nee re, nee in voto. In the same sense, St. Augustine, Tract. 4 in Joan. n. 13, is to be understood, when he sa)'s, u Futuri crant allqui in Ecclesia excelsioris gratice catcchumeni,"  that is, in will and proximate disposition, u in voto et proxima dispositione." *(footnote: * Theologia, dc Reg. Fid. Dissert. 3, Art. 3.)
It is evident, both from Bellarmine and Billuart, that no one can be saved unless he belongs to the visible communion of the Church, either actually or virtually, and also that the salvation of catechumens can be asserted only because they do so belong ; that is, because they are in the vestibule, for the purpose of entering,  have already entered in their will and proximate disposition. St. Thomas teaches with regard to these, in case they have faith working by love, that all they lack is the reception of the visible sacrament in re ; but if they are prevented by death from receiving it in re before the Church is ready to administer it, that God supplies the defect, accepts the will for the deed, and reputes them to be baptized. If the defect is supplied, and God reputes them to be baptized, they are so in effect, have in effect received the visible sacrament, are truly members of the external communion of the Church, and therefore are saved in it, not out of it. *(footnote: * Summa 3, Q. G8, a. 2. corp. ad 2. et ad 3.)

Catechumens alone are saved by desire, and they are saved by being in the church, by virtue of being "on the doorstep" so to speak. They are not formal members, but nevertheless, they seem to definitely be a part of the visible structure: The Catechumanate belongs to the church.

All who are baptized are made, in that moment members of the Catholic Church. Even "Lutheran" babies who are baptized are not Lutherans, but Catholics!
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Messages In This Thread
Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jbcatholic - 08-18-2011, 02:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Scriptorium - 08-18-2011, 03:23 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jbcatholic - 08-18-2011, 03:41 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 08-18-2011, 03:44 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Scriptorium - 08-18-2011, 03:59 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-18-2011, 05:45 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by JoniCath - 08-18-2011, 07:06 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-18-2011, 08:25 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by SouthpawLink - 08-18-2011, 08:51 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 08-18-2011, 09:07 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-19-2011, 03:37 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Gregory I - 08-19-2011, 09:10 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by UnamSanctam - 08-19-2011, 09:15 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-20-2011, 02:10 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Gregory I - 08-20-2011, 02:34 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 08-20-2011, 11:15 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-20-2011, 01:41 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Gregory I - 08-20-2011, 05:53 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by anthony - 08-20-2011, 08:00 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-20-2011, 08:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 08-20-2011, 09:06 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by charlesh - 08-20-2011, 09:13 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Louis_Martin - 08-20-2011, 09:15 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 08-20-2011, 09:15 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Gregory I - 08-20-2011, 11:51 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 08-20-2011, 11:58 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Gregory I - 08-21-2011, 12:08 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 08-21-2011, 12:49 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by vtcatholic - 09-24-2011, 01:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-02-2011, 05:32 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-02-2011, 07:36 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by OldMan - 10-02-2011, 10:01 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-02-2011, 11:25 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-03-2011, 06:11 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-03-2011, 11:35 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-03-2011, 11:42 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by McNider - 10-03-2011, 04:27 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-04-2011, 10:05 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-04-2011, 10:18 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-04-2011, 02:10 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-04-2011, 02:12 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-04-2011, 02:21 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-04-2011, 03:02 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 10-09-2011, 04:21 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 10-09-2011, 04:33 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 10-09-2011, 02:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-14-2011, 07:44 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by SouthpawLink - 10-14-2011, 01:42 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-14-2011, 05:07 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 10-14-2011, 11:07 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-18-2011, 07:37 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 10-19-2011, 07:54 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Vetus Ordo - 11-08-2011, 10:27 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-10-2011, 08:47 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 11-10-2011, 05:07 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 11-10-2011, 11:44 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 11-10-2011, 11:51 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-11-2011, 07:11 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by JM3 - 11-11-2011, 02:02 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 11-11-2011, 03:20 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-11-2011, 11:24 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 11-11-2011, 11:30 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by jordanawef - 11-11-2011, 11:35 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-11-2011, 11:42 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-12-2011, 05:00 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-12-2011, 09:54 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-12-2011, 12:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-12-2011, 02:08 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-13-2011, 12:05 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by aquinasg - 11-13-2011, 01:15 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-13-2011, 01:52 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by aquinasg - 11-13-2011, 02:00 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-13-2011, 02:06 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-13-2011, 02:13 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by aquinasg - 11-13-2011, 03:02 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by aquinasg - 11-13-2011, 03:16 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by INPEFESS - 11-14-2011, 01:13 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-14-2011, 06:48 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-14-2011, 08:15 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-21-2011, 08:50 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-23-2011, 01:32 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-23-2011, 06:31 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 11-24-2011, 12:04 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-29-2011, 04:00 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-29-2011, 04:04 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 11-29-2011, 11:59 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 11-30-2011, 07:55 AM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Doce Me - 11-30-2011, 09:51 PM
Re: Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - by Stubborn - 12-01-2011, 10:46 AM



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