Baptism of Desire and Theological Principles by Fr. Cekada
(01-03-2012, 08:43 AM)Vetus Ordo Wrote: I always thought God would furnish His elect with actual baptism.

It doesn't make much sense He wouldn't do so.

That God proves His goodness by executing excellence in the sacraments (according to St. Thomas) is just one more way by which He manifests His glory. It is a means by which He proves His omnipotence, omniscience, and omnibenevolence.
St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Tertia Pars, Question 64, Article 3 Wrote:I answer that, Christ produces the inward sacramental effect, both as God and as man, but not in the same way. For, as God, He works in the sacraments by authority: but, as man, His operation conduces to the inward sacramental effects meritoriously and efficiently, but instrumentally. For it has been stated (48, 1,6; 49, 1) that Christ's Passion which belongs to Him in respect of His human nature, is the cause of justification, both meritoriously and efficiently, not as the principal cause thereof, or by His own authority, but as an instrument, in so far as His humanity is the instrument of His Godhead, as stated above (13, 2,3; 19, 1).

Nevertheless, since it is an instrument united to the Godhead in unity of Person, it has a certain headship and efficiency in regard to extrinsic instruments, which are the ministers of the Church and the sacraments themselves, as has been explained above (Article 1). Consequently, just as Christ, as God, has power of "authority" over the sacraments, so, as man, He has the power of ministry in chief, or power of "excellence." And this consists in four things. First in this, that the merit and power of His Passion operates in the sacraments, as stated above (Question 62, Article 5). And because the power of the Passion is communicated to us by faith, according to Romans 3:25: "Whom God hath proposed to be a propitiation through faith in His blood," which faith we proclaim by calling on the name of Christ: therefore, secondly, Christ's power of excellence over the sacraments consists in this, that they are sanctified by the invocation of His name. And because the sacraments derive their power from their institution, hence, thirdly, the excellence of Christ's power consists in this, that He, Who gave them their power, could institute the sacraments. And since cause does not depend on effect, but rather conversely, it belongs to the excellence of Christ's power, that He could bestow the sacramental effect without conferring the exterior sacrament. Thus it is clear how to solve the objections; for the arguments on either side are true to a certain extent, as explained above.

St. Ambrose actually recorded a case of baptism of desire pertaining to one of his catechumens. I don't have the book with me at the moment, but I can find the passage when I am home later tonight.

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Re: Baptism of Desire and Theological Principles by Fr. Cekada - by INPEFESS - 01-03-2012, 09:08 AM

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