Baptism of Desire and Theological Principles by Fr. Cekada
(01-04-2012, 12:38 AM)SouthpawLink Wrote:
columb Wrote:Point [3] seems to be putting the horse before the cart. Supernatural love of God places a soul in the state of sanctifying grace but one must first receive sanctifying grace in order to be capable of possessing supernatural charity. The unbaptized man is yet a natural man and requires the laver of regeneration in order to make him a supernatural man,; one (so to speak) who has died with Christ in Baptism and has put on the new man.

According to Pope St. Pius V, catechumens (i.e. the unbaptized) can have perfect charity, which brings with it the remission of sins:

"Perfect and sincere charity, which is from a 'pure heart and good conscience and a faith not feigned' [1 Tim. 1:5], can be in catechumens as well as in penitents without the remission of sins. -- Condemned" (Ex Omnibus Afflictionibus, n. 31, 1 October 1567: Denz. 1031).

Columb,  such a catechumen would be infused with Sanctifying Grace by God, who Himself baptizes the man, making him a supernatural man, on account of a desire that God knows (and indeed put) in the man's heart.  It is not just  "any old desire", and it must be accompanied by a roadblock to the Sacrament that God knows and permits.

To quote the Baltimore Catechism on Sanctifying Grace:

Baltimore Catechism Wrote:111. What is sanctifying grace?

Sanctifying grace is that grace which confers on our souls a new life, that is, a sharing in the life of God Himself.

But to as many as received him he gave the power of becoming sons of God. (John 1:12)

112. What are the chief effects of sanctifying grace?

The chief effects of sanctifying grace are:

    it makes us holy and pleasing to God;
    it makes us adopted children of God;
    it makes us temples of the Holy Ghost;
    it gives us the right to heaven.

One is not a temple of the Holy Ghost, or pleasing to God, unless he has supernatural charity, and forgiveness of sins. These things come together. Sanctifying grace is what justifies a man and is equivalent to  "grace and righteousness",  which is referenced in this quote:
Catechism of the Council of Trent Wrote:On adults, however, the Church has not been accustomed to confer the Sacrament of Baptism at once, but has ordained that it be deferred for a certain time. The delay is not attended with the same danger as in the case of infants, which we have already mentioned; should any unforeseen accident make it impossible for adults to be washed in the salutary waters, their intention and determination to receive Baptism and their repentance for past sins, will avail them to grace and righteousness.

Grace and righteousness are the effects of  (or equivalent to) sanctifying grace, which "gives us the right to heaven".  This is something Catholic children are taught.  Being given the right to heaven doesn't mean we merit heaven of ourselves, but that God makes us His adopted children, and  would not damn us.

Sanctifying grace can be lost, and then by God's help regained.  Receiving either Baptism of Desire, or the Sacrament, doesn't guarantee we will be saved. Or rather it only guarantees it if we are in the state of grace when we die.

In the quote from the Catechism of Trent, it is clear that the concern for a baby that is mentioned is death and hell (limbo).  The concern for an adult must be the same thing, death and hell (limbo).  The risk for the baby is greater because if the Sacrament is not received, there is nothing before death that can be done.  The risk for the man is slightly less, because for the short time before death "grace and righteousness", and salvation, is a possibility, by baptism of desire.

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Re: Baptism of Desire and Theological Principles by Fr. Cekada - by Doce Me - 01-04-2012, 03:53 AM

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