Pre-Reformation English rebelliousness?
#4
During the middle ages Popes often turned to monarchs to nominate people for important ecclesiastical positions.  In an era without mass communications such a system makes sense.  So for example, Henry II nominated Thomas Becket to be Archbishop of Canterbury.  Usually, the Pope would just rubber stamp the selections made my monarchs and gave them a lot free reign to run the church in their lands as they saw fit (although of course all final power rested with the Pope).  Unsurprisingly, when Popes put down their foot against monarchs in their appointments or running of the church monarchs often rebelled against the Pope, such as the famous controversy between Pope Saint Gregory IV and the Holy Roman Emperor IV.  

In England, when Henry VIII broke off from the church it wasn't clear at the time that he was bringing about a reformation.  Rome at the time seemed to consider Henry's break more akin to the previous battles between Popes and Monarchs than of Rome's battle with Luther.  Rome was therefore incredibly slow in responding properly to crisis as it assumed that given time Henry VIII or his successors would eventually recognize the power of the papacy (as all medieval monarchs had).  Indeed, with the reign of Mary I it seemed this policy had worked as the Church seamlessly returned to obedience to the Pope. Unfortunately, Mary died without heir and the crown passed to a Protestant.  
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Re: Pre-Reformation English rebelliousness? - by Someone1776 - 01-05-2012, 04:24 PM



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