Bishop's crosier
#1
Random question here, but can someone enlighten me on the role of the crosier carried by a bishop? I've always thought that it's carried with the crook facing the congregation when in his home diocese, as a symbol of his authority to pull the stray back to the flock. Outside his diocese, it's carried with the crook facing him, as it's not his area of authority, for lack of a better term. A coworker was stating that outside his diocese he doesn't carry it at all. Neither of us can find any official for an answer. Thanks in advance.
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#2
A helpful quotation from Nainfa:

'The crosier, being a token of jurisdiction, is used by Cardinals in Rome in their titles, and everywhere outside of Rome; by the Apostolic Delegate, throughout the territory of his Delegation; by Archbishops, in their provinces; by Bishops, in their dioceses; and by Abbots, in their monasteries. The diocesan Bishop may allow a stranger Bishop to use the crosier in his diocese; but it is better not to do so, especially when the outsider officiates in presence of the diocesan, so as to preserve a well-marked difference between the Ordinary and the
visiting Prelate. An Abbot can not lawfully use the crosier outside of his monastery, and a Bishop has not the power to grant him that privilege; to do so, a Papal Indult is necessary.

The proper way to carry the crosier is to hold it with the left hand at the handle, just below the knob, which connects the crook with the staff, the curve being turned forward (Cær. Episc. II., VIII., 62.). The Prelate should not hold the crosier lifted, but alternately raise it and rest it on the floor, as he walks.

Some Ceremonials of foreign importation and antiquated scholarship teach that an Abbot in his monastery, and a Bishop when permitted to use the crosier outside of his diocese, should turn the curve backward. There never existed such regulations. The difference in the direction of the curve in the crosier of a Bishop and that of an Abbot is marked only in Heraldry, as will be mentioned in Chapter VI.

Whenever a dignitary uses the crosier, whether it be by right or privilege or even without right or privilege he should always turn the curve forward. If the crosier-bearer is directed by the Ceremonial to carry the crosier so that its curve be turned backward, it is not in order to mean that he has no right to use the crosier, but in order that it be correctly turned when he hands it over to the Prelate. At processions, when the Ordinary does not carry his crosier himself, he may have it carried before him by the crosier-bearer, who, in this case, holds it raised in both hands and the curve turned forward (Cær. Episc. I., XVII., 6.).'
- John Abel Nainfa, 'Costume of Prelates of the Catholic Church, According to Roman Etiquette' (1925)
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