The Ancient Mass in the”House Churches”was Not as Informal as Many Think
#1

Came across this, from , via [url=https://www.facebook.com/charlesacoulombe]Charles Coulombe on Facebook. Monsignor Pope's words in the quoted text are in red:




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The Ancient Mass in the”House Churches”was not as Informal as Many Think
Msgr. Charles Pope • August 19, 2014 •


As you may know, the Catholic Faith was illegal in the Roman Empire prior to 313 AD, when the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan permitting the Christian Faith to flourish publicly. Prior to that time, Church buildings as we know them today were rare—Mass was usually celebrated in houses.

Now be careful here; these “houses” were usually rather sizable,
with a central courtyard or large room that permitted something a little more formal than Mass “around the dining room table.”  I remember being taught (incorrectly) that these early Masses were informal, emphasized a relaxed, communal quality, and were celebrated facing the people. Well, it turns out that really isn’t true. People didn’t just sit around a table or sit in circle—not at all. They sat or stood formally, and everyone faced in one direction: east.

In the drawing  (to the right) you can see the layout of an ancient house church
(actually more often called a Domus Dei (House of God)) drawn based on an excavated 3rd century house church in Dura-Europos (located in what is now today’s Syria). Click on the diagram for a clearer view. The assembly room is to the left and a priest or bishop is depicted conducting a liturgy (facing east) at an altar against the east wall. A baptistery is on the right and a deacon is depicted guarding the entrance door. The lonely-looking deacon in the back of the assembly hall is there to “preserve good order,” as you will read below. The photograph below shows the baptistery of the Dura-Europos house church.

What is remarkable about these early liturgies is how formal they were despite the fact that they were conducted under less-than-ideal circumstances.
The following text is from the Didiscalia, a document written in about 250 AD. Among other things, it gives rather elaborate details about the celebration of the early Catholic Mass in these “house liturgies.” I have included an excerpt here and interspersed my own comments in RED. You will find that there are some rather humorous remarks in this ancient text toward the end.

Now, in your gatherings, in the holy Church, convene yourselves modestly in places of the brethren, as you will, in a manner pleasing and ordered with care. [So these “house liturgies” were NOT informal Masses. Good order and careful attention to detail were essential.] Let the place of the priests be separated in a part of the house that faces east. [So even in these early house Masses, the sanctuary (the place where the clergy ministered) was an area distinct from where the laity gathered. People were not all just gathered around a dining room table.] In the midst of them is placed the bishop’s chair, and with him let the priests be seated. Likewise, and in another section let the lay men be seated facing east. [Prayer was conducted facing east, not facing the people.] For thus it is proper: that the priests sit with the bishop in a part of the house to the east and after them the lay men and the lay women, [Notice that men and women sat in separate sections. This was traditional in many churches until rather recently, say the last 150 years.] and when you stand to pray, the ecclesial leaders rise first, and after them the lay men, and again, then the women. Now, you ought to face to east to pray for, as you know, scripture has it, Give praise to God who ascends above the highest heavens to the east. [Again, note that Mass was NOT celebrated facing the people as some suppose of the early Church. Everyone was to face to the east, both clergy and laypeople. Everyone faced in the same direction. The text cites Scripture as the reason for this. God is to the east, the origin of the light.]
 

Now, of the deacons, one always stands by the Eucharistic oblations and the others stand outside the door watching those who enter [Remember, this was a time of persecution and the early Christians were careful to allow only baptized and bona fide members to enter the Sacred Mysteries. No one was permitted to enter the Sacred Liturgy until after having been baptized. This was called the disciplina arcanis, or “discipline of the secret.” Deacons guarded the door to maintain this discipline.] and afterwards, when you offer let them together minister in the church. [Once the door was locked and the Mass began, it would seem that the deacons took their place in the sanctuary. However it also appears that one deacon remained outside the sanctuary to maintain “good order” among the laity.] And if there is one to be found who is not sitting in his place let the deacon who is within, rebuke him, and make him to rise and sit in his fitting place … also, in the church the young ones ought to sit separately, if there is a place, if not let them stand. Those of more advanced age should sit separately; the boys should sit separately or their fathers and mothers should take them and stand; and let the young girls sit separately, if there is really not a place, let them stand behind the women; let the young who are married and have little children stand separately, the older women and widows should sit separately. [This may all seem a bit complicated, but the bottom line is that seating was according to sex and age: the men on one side, the women on the other, older folks to the front, younger ones to the back. Also, those caring for young children were to stand in a separate area. See? Even in the old days there was a “cry room!”] And a deacon should see that each one who enters gets to his place, and that none of these sits in an inappropriate place. Likewise, the deacon ought to see that there are none who whisper or sleep or laugh or nod off. [Wait a minute! Do you mean to tell me that some of the early Christians did such things? Say it isn’t so! Today, ushers do this preserving of good order, but the need remains.] For in the Church it is necessary to have discipline, sober vigilance, and attentive ear to the Word of the Lord. [Well that is said pretty plainly—and the advice is still needed.]

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#2
Very interesting. Many novelties have been introduced over the past several decades under the guise of "restoring practices of the Early Church." From Ressourcement theology to baptismal tubs, I have long suspected that this is just an excuse to reject the Traditional Faith by introducing foreign, and often new, practices and ideas. This suspicion is being confirmed more and more frequently.
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#3
And the communion in the hand was very soon forbidden due to sacrilege abuses, contrary to what the modernists have invented according to dubbious antique documents.
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#4
Anyone who knows anything about the early writings of the Church fathers knows that it wasn't the hippy-dippy free-for-all people today seem to think it was. Catholics are not the only ones guilty of that - how many "house churches" in Protestantland exist based on that idea?
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#5
Fascinating.  Such a different picture of what I was taught as a kid.
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#6
The one reatoration I actually really like is that of triple immersion baptism as opposed to simple sprinkling, To actually be fully immersed and to rise again from the water is something much more traditional and rich in symbolism than simply sprinkling a few drops of water over someone's head. I am thankful that I was baptized with triple immersion.
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#7
(03-07-2016, 10:19 AM)PrairieMom Wrote: Anyone who knows anything about the early writings of the Church fathers knows that it wasn't the hippy-dippy free-for-all people today seem to think it was. Catholics are not the only ones guilty of that - how many "house churches" in Protestantland exist based on that idea?

Protestant "House Churches."

Where Protestants ("Just Christians"/ "Evangelicals") come together to re-create Early Church worship with sappy "Christian" lyrics versed to 20th century rock music and "Bible Studies" that never happened.

If only they would take a little time reading some actual Early Church History and instantly see that the first Christians were Catholics meeting together to worship in the liturgy and receive Christ's Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity in the Holy Eucharist from the hands of a priest.....

And for Catholics, to be told that the sacral, reverent, "formal" sublime Mass would now be changed into the informal "communal meal around the dinner table at a friend's house"' liturgy (novus Ordo) to get closer to the "way they did things thing in the Early Church" and that implicitly the Church has been doing everything wrong and "too formal" for around 17 or  18 centuries or so, well that's just enough to lose your Faith if you didnt know any better that the modernists were wrong and deceiving you either wittingly or unwittingly. 



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#8
The Church needs to embrace Her Majestic Tradition again because without it Faith is truly becoming more based on experience and emotion which weakens Catholics and leads them to ether orthodoxy or protestantism both of them are heretical and schismatic.
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