Injustice and Cancer
#1

Most of us here in the tank are fully aware that the old song "This is a man's world" is outdated by at least a few decades. And there's nothing funny about it. There are major consequences to our living in a matriarchy, and those consequences go beyond our way of life, the health of the family, and all of that mega-important stuff; it also goes to men's health.

Men, as a group, tend to avoid doctors (and women, as a group, tend to overuse them, IMO). It's no wonder, though, given how men's health needs are almost completely ignored! But men have got to start taking charge, educating themselves, educating other men, and be on the look-out for a disease that needs to be taken very seriously: prostate cancer. Check out this graphic that I "sewed" together from sceen captures taken from https://cancerstatisticscenter.cancer.org :



[Image: cancerstats.jpg]

In spite of the similar numbers, here's what a Daily Caller article had to say about the disparate attention and funding that breast cancer and prostate cancer get:

Daily Caller Wrote:
In fiscal year 2009, breast cancer research received $872 million worth of federal funding, while prostate cancer received $390 million. It is estimated that fiscal year 2010 will end similarly, with breast cancer research getting $891 million and prostate cancer research receiving $399 million.

Even when it comes to private foundations, the picture is the same. For example, at the American Cancer Society, breast cancer receives about twice the number of grants as prostate cancer.
 
So, guys, please, learn about prostate cancer! And, women, learn about it as well, and nag your man to stay on top of things (the only time nagging is kosher! LOL). Signs of prostate cancer can include:

    A need to urinate frequently, especially at night; sometimes urgently
    Difficulty starting or holding back urination
    Weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine
    Painful or burning urination
    Difficulty in having an erection
    A decrease in the amount of fluid ejaculated
    Painful ejaculation
    Blood in the urine or semen
    Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs
    Discomfort when sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate
    Swelling or edema in the legs or feet
    Unexplained weight loss
    Fatigue
    Change in bowel habits

Take care of yourselves, guys! We women and your babies need you! And I imagine you don't want to have your imminent death be one involving cancer, eh?  God bless all y'all!
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#2
Timely post since it is Movember after all!  Anytime is a great time to discuss men's health but especially during Movember (besides the moustaches), there are easy access materials and information.  Look around your communities for awareness events, screenings and fundraisers.  Men's health initiatives are chronically underfunded compared to the advertising bombardments of female cancers so anything helps even just a silly, sometimes badly organized month.

Prayers to anyone hurt by any of the male cancers.  Naturally I can't grow a moustache in solidarity (uh oh SJW speak) but I helped put together some fact sheets and I'm going to be a bimbo at a Price Is Right style auction/fundraiser.  Just remember if something doesn't feel right, get it checked.  It may not be cancer, it may be something else, but with all the responsibilities of men, you need peace of mind.
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#3
Many of the symptoms listed in the op can be associated with issues having nothing to do with the prostate or prostate cancer, so just the presence of one or two or three of them should not induce panic in anyone.  If they persist, though, get 'em checked out!

Remember, too, that an elevated PSA result is NOT necessarily indicative of cancer.  Neither is an enlarged prostate.  Men over a certain age are probably far more likely to die of something other than prostate cancer even if prostate cancer is present.

Quote:How reliable is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test when it comes to detecting prostate cancer?

Kevin R. Loughlin, M.D., M.B.A., director of Urologic Research at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, responds:

Although PSA testing can help catch prostate cancer at an early stage, having an elevated PSA (generally considered more than 4 ng/ml) doesn’t necessarily mean that a man has cancer. Noncancerous conditions, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or an enlarged prostate, and prostatitis, can raise PSA levels. In fact, studies have shown that about 70% to 80% of men with an elevated PSA who have a biopsy do not have cancer. However, many men undergo an ultrasound and prostate biopsy, to be certain.

Conversely, the PSA test doesn’t detect all cancers. About 20% of men who have cancer also have a normal PSA (less than 4 ng/ml), so the test may give some men a false sense of security. For this reason, some experts take a man’s age into account when considering a PSA level. And most doctors observe how a man’s PSA level changes over time, a measure called PSA velocity, rather than using it as a one-time indicator. PSA scores tend to rise more rapidly in men with cancer than in those with BPH, for example.

Some doctors also measure the level of free PSA. The PSA protein circulates in the blood in two forms: bound to other proteins or unbound (free). Several studies suggest that men with elevated PSA levels and a very low percentage of free PSA are more likely to have prostate cancer than a benign condition. Knowing your free PSA level won’t give you a definitive answer about cancer, but it may be useful when considering whether a biopsy is an appropriate next step.

Researchers are developing new screening tests for prostate cancer. Like the PSA test, they rely on biomarkers, such as antigens or proteins, which are elevated or may only be present in men who have prostate cancer. The hope is that these tests will better detect existing cancers without raising the alarm for cancer when it isn’t there.

Originally published November 2009; last reviewed March 16, 2011
http://www.harvardprostateknowledge.org/is-psa-reliable

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#4
(11-05-2016, 01:30 PM)J Michael Wrote: Many of the symptoms listed in the op can be associated with issues having nothing to do with the prostate or prostate cancer, so just the presence of one or two or three of them should not induce panic in anyone. 
Very true!  I sit beside a middle aged man at my treatments and he originally thought he had problems with his prostate due to the symptoms. (Bad edema in lower limbs, fatigue, pain in back, getting up to pee at night, hard time getting urine stream going and weight loss.)  Turns out it was kidney failure.  Not sure which diagnosis is worse but he's thankful he went to the doctor.  :) He's a manly man so it must've been something to get him to that doc!
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