Septuagint
#11
(05-14-2018, 08:26 PM)aquinas138 Wrote: There is also a 4 Maccabees in the Septuagint; it belongs to the group of writings called anagignoskomena ("to be read") in the Greek Orthodox milieu – books used liturgically, but not part of the canon of Scripture. These are 1 and 2 Esdras, the Prayer of Manasseh, Psalm 151, 3 and 4 Maccabees.

Jewish people most assuredly pray for the dead; they probably just don't connect the practice with Maccabees. Maccabees is evidence the Jews prayed for the dead in the days of Judas Maccabeus, but not the reason they do so.

1 and 2 Esdras are what the Vulgate calls 3 and 4 Esdras (since 1 and 2 are already in the Vulgate -- 2 Es is generally called Nehemiah)

4 Esdras is certainly still used, but not considered canonical by Catholics, but the liturgy uses a paraphrase of 4 Esdras 2.34–35 ("requiem aeternitatis dabit vobis, quoniam in proximo est ille, qui in finem saeculi adveniet. Parati estote ad praemia regni, quia lux perpetua lucebit vobis per aeternitatem temporis.") from which we get "Requiem æternam, dona eis, Domine, et lux perpetua luceat eis."

The Introit of Pentecost Tuesday is also more-or-less from the next passage (4 Es 2.36–37) : "Accipite jucunditatem gloriae vestrae, alleluia: gratias agentes Deo, alleluia: qui vos ad caelestia regna vocavit, alleluia, alleluia, alleluia."
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