My 1Peter5 Article on Filioque: Please read and comment!
#1
Dear friends, I wrote an article for One Peter Five on Filioque, which they agreed to publish. It's aimed at bringing Orthodox Christians closer back home to Holy Union with Rome and the Catholic Church! I hope you all like the article. Please do comment and critique it here. From: https://onepeterfive.com/filioque-separated-east/

Thoughts and Comments?

[Image: holy-spirit-dove-stained-glass-768x576.jpg]

The Filioque: A Call to the Separated East to Come Home


[1] Five Ecumenical Councils approved a letter of Patriarch St. Cyril of Alexandria that taught the Dogma of the Filioque!

Cardinal St. Robert Bellarmine gives a manifest proof establishing the doctrine from the authority of five ecumenical councils:

Omitting these things, then, let us bring forward the Councils that testify the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son. First the Council celebrated at Alexandria, from which Council Cyril writes a letter to Nestorius in which are these words, ‘The Spirit is called the Spirit of Truth, and Christ is Truth, and so He proceeds from Him likewise as from the Father.’ This letter was read in the Council of Ephesus and was approved both by the Council of Ephesus itself and by the fourth Synod, and by the fifth Synod and by the sixth and seventh Synods. We have therefore five general Councils celebrated among the Greeks which receive the most open and clear opinion that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son as from the Father. What then do they now seek? What do they demand?

Patriarch St. Cyril and the five ecumenical councils mentioned by Cardinal St. Robert Bellarmine give us the patristic and Church-authorized interpretation of the Word of Christ in Sacred Scripture. As we will see subsequently, Bishops like St. Hilary, St. Ambrose, and St. Augustine had already done this in the West in the 4th century.

[2] Greek Orthodox Bishops and Patriarchs, at Nicene Ecumenical Councils, confess doctrine practically equivalent to the Filioque.

As if that were not enough, we have the testimony of two Eastern saintly bishops, one of whom was patriarch of the Greek Church and made a dogmatic confession.

Bp. St. Leontius of Caesarea, at Nicaea I, testifies that “the Spirit proceeds from the Father, and is proper to the Son and gushes forth from Him” [3]. This is the Faith of the 318 fathers gathered at Nicaea. As Cardinal St. Robert writes, it was not explicitly defined in Nicaea, because the necessity had not yet arisen, as the ancient fathers testified, “I for my part cannot sufficiently wonder with what boldness Jeremias, who calls himself Ecumenical Patriarch, dared to write recently in his censure of the confession of the Lutherans that it was defined by the Synod of Nicaea and all subsequent general Councils that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone[.] … Let us then consult the Nicene Creed, and let us see whether it teaches in very expressive words that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone. The whole Nicene Creed is cited by Cyril among the Greeks, by Ruffinus among the Latins, but nothing else is read in that Creed about the Holy Spirit than this opinion ‘and [I believe] in the Holy Spirit.’ Now Nazianzen testifies that the Nicene Synod did not hand on the perfect doctrine about the Holy Spirit for the reason that the question about the Holy Spirit had not arisen. Let Jeremias see in which Nicene Creed he has read that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone.”

Patriarch St. Tarasius of Constantinople, at Nicaea II, declared, in the Creed, “And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who Proceeds from the Father through the Son, and is acknowledged to be Himself God” [4]. Just as the 150 fathers at Constantinople I added to the Creed of Nicaea the words, “the Lord and Giver of Life, Who Proceeds from the Father,” etc., Patriarch St. Tarasius here adds the words “through the Son,” etc. This shows the Faith of the Universal Church at Nicaea II ...

[size=undefined][please see the link for the full article][/size]

In Conclusion: A call to our separated brethren in the Eastern Orthodox churches to return soon to holy union with the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
Dear Orthodox Christians: A word from our hearts to yours — if we wish Christianity to successfully combat and entirely overcome the new paganism of the culture of death, of abortionism, contraception, divorce, pornography, and other forms of immorality and lawlessness, if we hope for the worldwide Church to receive more conversions from paganism and baptize more individuals into Christ and the Triune God, and make them members of the Church, the time to reunite is now and quickly.
The Immaculate Heart of Mary, the first defender of Christian civilization, alone warned the world about the dangers and errors of communism and the great persecutions threatening the Church and all Christendom. The history of the last century bears sad testimony to the truth of her words and the urgency of her calling. The time is ripe and the hour is now for the Greek and Russian Orthodox churches to profess the Filioque dogma and unite with the Catholic Church for the glory of God.
The world cannot resist the power and grace of a reunited Christendom. Victories in the pro-life movement, victories against Christian persecution, against Islamism, communism, and secularism await us. We have every reason to believe and hope Almighty God will Himself lead the effort to bring the Eastern Orthodox back to the Catholic Church, and His action will give the greatest impetus to world evangelism as has scarcely been seen since the first day of Pentecost. Deus vult. God wills it.
Also foretold in sacred Scripture is the return of the Jewish people to the Faith and to the Church of Jesus Christ. It is inconceivable that Christendom will not be visibly united by the time this happens, and that full reunion would be a glorious preparation for this glorious impending event.
May all Christians of East and West no longer be divided along sectarian lines and national or other denominations, but become One in the Universal or Catholic Church. And this so that, as the Scripture says, the whole world may believe that Jesus Christ is the Lord, and has been sent by the Father for the salvation of us all. “That they all may be one, as thou, Father, in me, and I in thee; that they also may be one in us; that the world may believe that thou hast sent me” (Jn 17:21).
It would be ideal for popes and patriarchs to meet often, and for faithful Catholics and lay Orthodox to petition them for reunion. This would bring peace to the world and unity to Christendom and gladden the Heart of God so severely pierced. And thus we will welcome, with as minimal tribulation as reasonably possible, the reign of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Notes:
[1] Third Letter of St. Cyril to Nestorius, from an Orthodox source: https://orthodoxjointcommission.wordpress.com/2013/12/14/st-cyrils-third-letter-to-nestorius/
See St. Cyril of Alexandria: Aeterna Press for the Greek text and for other places where the Saintly Patriarch of Alexandria develops the same doctrine.
[2] St. Robert Bellarmine, On the Procession of the Holy Spirit from the Son: http://www.catholicapologetics.info/apol...ession.htm ...

For us Catholic Christians, as Patriarch St. Athanasius, the venerable "Father of Orthodoxy" taught us in his Creed some 1650 years ago, even before Constantinople I Council, "The Catholic Faith is this, that we worship God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity: which Faith except every one does hold firmly and faithfully without doubt he will perish in eternity ... The Holy Spirit is of the Father and of the Son; not made or created, not begotten but proceeding... He therefore who will be saved, let him think thus on the Trinity". So taught St. Athanasius and all the East, St. Augustine and all the West, as well as Popes St. Damasus, Pope St. Leo and several other Popes uniterruptedly for more than 1,500 years. Let us thank God for the gift of our Catholic Faith, which we must persevere in to be saved, and pray all Orthodox Christians are soon happily united with us in Catholic Communion with the Apostolic Throne of St. Peter. Unity in Truth and Love is so dear to the holy Hearts of Jesus and Mary, as many Saints and Mystics have testified, and so it should be a very dear cause to ours too. May the Good God and His Holy Mother bless us all always.
Rosary Crusade to end Abortion: https://rosarycrusadingarmytoendabortion.home.blog/

"My dear Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your Most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, I hereby offer my whole life to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.  Together with my life, I place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all my Holy Communions, all my good deeds, all my sacrifices ... https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/
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  • olorin12
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#2
Some good, very early reference. I think they often have as much issue with the mere fact that the Creed was changed without them, as to what it actually said.

I agree - Christendom is under heavy pressure and it's going to get worse. It would be amazing if we could find ground to unite with the Orthodox on.
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#3
Some Orthodox sincerely believe the Catholic Church holds what is doctrinally heretical on this issue.  Other Orthodox are just looking for reasons to stay out of communion with Rome.

IMO, the way to separate the Orthodox wheat from the chaff is for the Roman church to officially adjust the wording of the creed to proceeding from the Father through the Son, since both Rome and Orthodoxy consider this wording to represent an orthodox view.  Refusing to change and demanding that the Orthodox submit to Roman authority, when Rome could instead show leniency without expending any orthodoxy, will only confirm Orthodox in their view of Roman arrogance and desire for domination.
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#4
(07-31-2019, 01:58 PM)Melkite Wrote: Some Orthodox sincerely believe the Catholic Church holds what is doctrinally heretical on this issue.  Other Orthodox are just looking for reasons to stay out of communion with Rome.

IMO, the way to separate the Orthodox wheat from the chaff is for the Roman church to officially adjust the wording of the creed to proceeding from the Father through the Son, since both Rome and Orthodoxy consider this wording to represent an orthodox view.  Refusing to change and demanding that the Orthodox submit to Roman authority, when Rome could instead show leniency without expending any orthodoxy, will only confirm Orthodox in their view of Roman arrogance and desire for domination.

The Eastern Catholics do not include the filioque in the Creed, and commonly say that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father through the Son.

In fact, the Roman understanding allows this, because the Roman understanding is that Father and Son act as a single principle in the procession of the Holy Ghost. Whether you say that as "and" or "through" does not really matter much. The only issue with "through" is that it can be understood instrumentally, and that is a problem.

If any Orthodox thinks that the Catholic Church rejects that understanding ("through the Son") they simply do not understand the Catholic theology, and changing our liturgical usage of the Creed isn't going to fix that, since all one needs to do is look at the Catholic East.

Further, when there have been efforts at reunion, never has filioque been demanded of those entering. When several Eastern Churches came back to union with Rome, they also were not obliged to change their Creed, they merely had to profess a formula in which the Holy Ghost has a different manner of procession involving both Father and Son, since otherwise the relations in the Trinity would not be preserved, and Trinitarian heresies could result.
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  • jovan66102
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(07-31-2019, 04:17 PM)MagisterMusicae Wrote: The Eastern Catholics do not include the filioque in the Creed, and commonly say that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father through the Son.

In fact, the Roman understanding allows this, because the Roman understanding is that Father and Son act as a single principle in the procession of the Holy Ghost. Whether you say that as "and" or "through" does not really matter much. The only issue with "through" is that it can be understood instrumentally, and that is a problem.

If any Orthodox thinks that the Catholic Church rejects that understanding ("through the Son") they simply do not understand the Catholic theology, and changing our liturgical usage of the Creed isn't going to fix that, since all one needs to do is look at the Catholic East.

Further, when there have been efforts at reunion, never has filioque been demanded of those entering. When several Eastern Churches came back to union with Rome, they also were not obliged to change their Creed, they merely had to profess a formula in which the Holy Ghost has a different manner of procession involving both Father and Son, since otherwise the relations in the Trinity would not be preserved, and Trinitarian heresies could result.

I don't know that this has always been the case.  When I first started attending a Ruthenian parish, the somewhat old service books that they used had the format of the liturgy printed side by side in English and Slavonic.  The creed had the Father and the Son printed, and then "the Son" had been crossed out or white-outed over.  The filioque was omitted in the liturgy, but it clearly had been in common use at some point, at least.  I have also attended a couple of Ukrainian Catholic parishes where the filioque was included.  I don't know if this means they adopted it on their own or were compelled to, but considering the history of the Ruthenian church in the US, at least, I imagine they would not have included it if compulsion wasn't in play at some point - especially if they were never required to include it in the unions of Brest or Uzhorod.
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