Given by His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI
7 July 2007
"Up to our own
times, it has been the constant concern of supreme pontiffs to ensure that
the Church of Christ offers a worthy ritual to the Divine Majesty, 'to the
praise and glory of His name,' and 'to the benefit of all His Holy Church.'
"Since time immemorial it has been necessary - as it is also for the future
- to maintain the principle according to which 'each particular Church must
concur with the universal Church, not only as regards the doctrine of the
faith and the sacramental signs, but also as regards the usages universally
accepted by uninterrupted apostolic tradition, which must be observed not
only to avoid errors but also to transmit the integrity of the faith, because
the Church's law of prayer corresponds to her law of faith.' (1)
"Among the pontiffs who showed that requisite concern, particularly outstanding
is the name of St. Gregory the Great, who made every effort to ensure that
the new peoples of Europe received both the Catholic faith and the treasures
of worship and culture that had been accumulated by the Romans in preceding
centuries. He commanded that the form of the sacred liturgy as celebrated
in Rome (concerning both the Sacrifice of Mass and the Divine Office) be
conserved. He took great concern to ensure the dissemination of monks and
nuns who, following the Rule of St. Benedict, together with the announcement
of the Gospel illustrated with their lives the wise provision of their Rule
that 'nothing should be placed before the work of God.' In this way the sacred
liturgy, celebrated according to the Roman use, enriched not only the faith
and piety but also the culture of many peoples. It is known, in fact, that
the Latin liturgy of the Church in its various forms, in each century of
the Christian era, has been a spur to the spiritual life of many saints,
has reinforced many peoples in the virtue of religion and fecundated their
"Many other Roman pontiffs, in the course of the centuries, showed particular
solicitude in ensuring that the sacred liturgy accomplished this task more
effectively. Outstanding among them is St. Pius V who, sustained by great
pastoral zeal and following the exhortations of the Council of Trent, renewed
the entire liturgy of the Church, oversaw the publication of liturgical books
amended and 'renewed in accordance with the norms of the Fathers,' and provided
them for the use of the Latin Church.
"One of the liturgical books of the Roman rite is the Roman Missal, which
developed in the city of Rome and, with the passing of the centuries, little
by little took forms very similar to that it has had in recent times.
"'It was towards this same goal that succeeding Roman Pontiffs directed their
energies during the subsequent centuries in order to ensure that the rites
and liturgical books were brought up to date and when necessary clarified.
From the beginning of this century they undertook a more general reform.'
(2) Thus our predecessors Clement VIII, Urban VIII, St. Pius X (3), Benedict
XV, Pius XII and Blessed John XXIII all played a part.
"In more recent times, Vatican Council II expressed a desire that the respectful
reverence due to divine worship should be renewed and adapted to the needs
of our time. Moved by this desire our predecessor, the Supreme Pontiff Paul
VI, approved, in 1970, reformed and partly renewed liturgical books for the
Latin Church. These, translated into the various languages of the world,
were willingly accepted by bishops, priests and faithful. John Paul II amended
the third typical edition of the Roman Missal. Thus Roman pontiffs have operated
to ensure that 'this kind of liturgical edifice ... should again appear
resplendent for its dignity and harmony.' (4)
"But in some regions, no small numbers of faithful adhered and continue to
adhere with great love and affection to the earlier liturgical forms. These
had so deeply marked their culture and their spirit that in 1984 the Supreme
Pontiff John Paul II, moved by a concern for the pastoral care of these faithful,
with the special indult 'Quattuor abhinc anno," issued by the Congregation
for Divine Worship, granted permission to use the Roman Missal published
by Blessed John XXIII in the year 1962. Later, in the year 1988, John Paul
II with the Apostolic Letter given as Motu Proprio, 'Ecclesia Dei,' exhorted
bishops to make generous use of this power in favor of all the faithful who
"Following the insistent prayers of these faithful, long deliberated upon
by our predecessor John Paul II, and after having listened to the views of
the Cardinal Fathers of the Consistory of 22 March 2006, having reflected
deeply upon all aspects of the question, invoked the Holy Spirit and trusting
in the help of God, with these Apostolic Letters we establish the following:
"Art 1. The Roman Missal promulgated by Paul VI is the ordinary expression
of the 'Lex orandi' (Law of prayer) of the Catholic Church of the Latin rite.
Nonetheless, the Roman Missal promulgated by St. Pius V and reissued by Bl.
John XXIII is to be considered as an extraordinary expression of that same
'Lex orandi,' and must be given due honour for its venerable and ancient
usage. These two expressions of the Church's Lex orandi will in no any way
lead to a division in the Church's 'Lex credendi' (Law of belief). They are,
in fact two usages of the one Roman rite.
"It is, therefore, permissible to celebrate the Sacrifice of the Mass following
the typical edition of the Roman Missal promulgated by Bl. John XXIII in
1962 and never abrogated, as an extraordinary form of the Liturgy of the
Church. The conditions for the use of this Missal as laid down by earlier
documents 'Quattuor abhinc annis' and 'Ecclesia Dei,' are substituted as
"Art. 2. In Masses celebrated without the people, each Catholic priest of
the Latin rite, whether secular or regular, may use the Roman Missal published
by Bl. Pope John XXIII in 1962, or the Roman Missal promulgated by Pope Paul
VI in 1970, and may do so on any day with the exception of the Easter Triduum.
For such celebrations, with either one Missal or the other, the priest has
no need for permission from the Apostolic See or from his Ordinary.
"Art. 3. Communities of Institutes of consecrated life and of Societies of
apostolic life, of either pontifical or diocesan right, wishing to celebrate
Mass in accordance with the edition of the Roman Missal promulgated in 1962,
for conventual or "community" celebration in their oratories, may do so.
If an individual community or an entire Institute or Society wishes to undertake
such celebrations often, habitually or permanently, the decision must be
taken by the Superiors Major, in accordance with the law and following their
own specific decrees and statues.
"Art. 4. Celebrations of Mass as mentioned above in art. 2 may - observing
all the norms of law - also be attended by faithful who, of their own free
will, ask to be admitted.
"Art. 5. õ 1 In parishes, where there is a stable group of faithful
who adhere to the earlier liturgical tradition, the pastor should willingly
accept their requests to celebrate the Mass according to the rite of the
Roman Missal published in 1962, and ensure that the welfare of these faithful
harmonises with the ordinary pastoral care of the parish, under the guidance
of the bishop in accordance with canon 392, avoiding discord and favouring
the unity of the whole Church. õ 2 Celebration in accordance with
the Missal of Bl. John XXIII may take place on working days; while on Sundays
and feast days one such celebration may also be held. õ 3 For faithful
and priests who request it, the pastor should also allow celebrations in
this extraordinary form for special circumstances such as marriages, funerals
or occasional celebrations, e.g. pilgrimages. õ 4 Priests who use
the Missal of Bl. John XXIII must be qualified to do so and not juridically
impeded. õ 5 In churches that are not parish or conventual churches,
it is the duty of the Rector of the church to grant the above permission.
Art. 6. In Masses celebrated in the presence of the people in accordance
with the Missal of Bl. John XXIII, the readings may be given in the vernacular,
using editions recognised by the Apostolic See.
"Art. 7. If a group of lay faithful, as mentioned in art. 5 õ 1, has
not obtained satisfaction to their requests from the pastor, they should
inform the diocesan bishop. The bishop is strongly requested to satisfy their
wishes. If he cannot arrange for such celebration to take place, the matter
should be referred to the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei".
"Art. 8. A bishop who, desirous of satisfying such requests, but who for
various reasons is unable to do so, may refer the problem to the Commission
"Ecclesia Dei" to obtain counsel and assistance.
"Art. 9. õ 1 The pastor, having attentively examined all aspects,
may also grant permission to use the earlier ritual for the administration
of the Sacraments of Baptism, Marriage, Penance, and the Anointing of the
Sick, if the good of souls would seem to require it. õ 2 Ordinaries
are given the right to celebrate the Sacrament of Confirmation using the
earlier Roman Pontifical, if the good of souls would seem to require it.
õ 2 Clerics ordained "in sacris constitutis" may use the Roman Breviary
promulgated by Bl. John XXIII in 1962.
"Art. 10. The ordinary of a particular place, if he feels it appropriate,
may erect a personal parish in accordance with can. 518 for celebrations
following the ancient form of the Roman rite, or appoint a chaplain, while
observing all the norms of law.
"Art. 11. The Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei", erected by John Paul
II in 1988 (5), continues to exercise its function. Said Commission will
have the form, duties and norms that the Roman Pontiff wishes to assign it.
"Art. 12. This Commission, apart from the powers it enjoys, will exercise
the authority of the Holy See, supervising the observance and application
of these dispositions.
"We order that everything We have established with these Apostolic Letters
issued as Motu Proprio be considered as "established and decreed", and to
be observed from 14 September of this year, Feast of the Exaltation of the
Cross, whatever there may be to the contrary.
" From Rome, at St. Peter's, 7 July 2007, third year of Our Pontificate."
(1) General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 3rd ed., 2002, no. 397. (2)
John Paul II, Apostolic Letter "Vicesimus quintus annus," 4 December 1988,
3: AAS 81 (1989), 899.
(3) Ibid. (4) St. Pius X, Apostolic Letter Motu propio data, "Abhinc duos
annos," 23 October 1913: AAS 5 (1913), 449-450; cf John Paul II, Apostolic
Letter "Vicesimus quintus annus," no. 3: AAS 81 (1989), 899. (5) Cf John
Paul II, Apostolic Letter Motu proprio data "Ecclesia Dei," 2 July 1988,
6: AAS 80 (1988), 1498.
Source: Spero News