||You are a Sanguine,
with an abundance of blood. Sanguines are characterized by the element of
Air, the season of Spring, childhood, the color sunny yellow, Venus, and
the characteristics of "Hot" and "Moist." Animals used to symbolize the Sanguine
include the ape and the goat. To ehnance your Sanguine tendencies, listen
to music in the Lydian Mode; to diminish those tendencies, listen to music
in the Hypolydian mode.
If you were living in the Age of Faith, perfect career choices for you would
be artisan, shopkeeper, innkeep, craftsman, seamstress, tailor, brewer, baker,
stone mason, weaver, potter, farmer, housewife with a very happy family.
From "The Four Temperaments," by Rev. Conrad Hock:
seldom shows signs of embarrassment, perhaps forward or bold.
Is eager to express
himself before a group; likes to be heard.
activities; work or play; not easily satisfied with individual projects.
Is not insistent
upon acceptance of his ideas or plans; agrees readily with others' wishes;
compliant and yielding.
Is good in details;
prefers activities requiring pep and energy.
Is impetuous and
impulsive; his decisions are often (usually) wrong.
Is keenly alive
to environment, physical and social; likes curiosity.
Tends to take success
for granted. Is a follower; lacks initiative.
Is hearty and cordial,
even to strangers; forms acquaintanceship easily.
Tends to elation
of spirit; not given to worry and anxiety; is carefree.
Seeks wide and
broad range of friendships; is not selective; not exclusive in games.
Is quick and decisive
in movements; pronounced or excessive energy output.
Turns from one
activity to another in rapid succession; little perseverance.
easily; welcomes changes; makes the best appearance possible.
Is frank, talkable,
sociable, emotions readily expressed; does not stand on ceremony.
fluctuations of mood; tends to frequent alterations of elation and depression.
The sanguine person is quickly aroused and vehemently excited by whatever
influences him. The reaction follows immediately, but the impression lasts
but a short time. Consequently the remembrance of the impression does not
easily cause new excitement.
II FUNDAMENTAL DISPOSITION
1. Superficiality. The sanguine person does not penetrate the depth, the
essence of things; he does not embrace the whole, but is satisfied with the
superficial and with a part of the whole. Before he has mastered one subject,
his interest relaxes because new impressions have already captured his attention.
He loves light work which attracts attention, where there is no need of deep
thought, or great effort. To be sure, it is hard to convince a sanguine person
that he is superficial; on the contrary, he imagines that he has grasped
the subject wholly and perfectly.
2. Instability. Because the impressions made upon a sanguine person do not
last, they are easily followed by others. The consequence is a great instability
which must be taken into account by anyone who deals with such persons, if
he does not wish to be disappointed.
St Peter assured our Lord that he was ready to go with Him, even die for
Him, only to deny a few hours later that he did not know "this man."
The crowds hailed our Lord with their Hosannas on Palm Sunday but cried:
Crucify Him! a few days later.
The sanguine is always changing in his moods; he can quickly pass from tears
to laughter and vice versa; he is fickle in his views; today he may defend
what he vehemently opposed a week ago; he is unstable in his resolutions.
If a new point of view presents itself he may readily upset the plans which
he has made previously. This inconsistency often causes people to think that
the sanguine person has no character; that he is not guided by principles.
The sanguine naturally denies such charges, because he always finds a reason
for his changes. He forgets that it is necessary to consider everything well
and to look into and investigate everything carefully beforehand, in order
not to be captivated by every new idea or mood. He is also inconsistent at
his work or entertainment; he loves variety in everything; he resembles a
bee which flies from flower to flower; or the child who soon tires of the
3. Tendency to the external. The sanguine does not like to enter into himself,
but directs his attention to the external. In this respect he is the very
opposite of the melancholic person who is given to introspection, who prefers
to be absorbed by deep thoughts and more or less ignores the external. This
leaning to the external is shown in the keen interest which the sanguine
pays to his own appearance, as well as to that of others; to a beautiful
face, to fine and modern clothes, and to good manners. In the sanguine the
five senses are especially active, while the choleric uses rather his reason
and will and the melancholic his feelings. The sanguine sees everything,
hears everything, talks about everything. He is noted for his facility and
vivacity of speech, his inexhaustible variety of topics and flow of words
which often make him disagreeable to others. The sanguine person in consequence
of his vivacity has an eye for details, an advantageous disposition which
is more or less lacking in choleric and melancholic persons.
4. Optimism. The sanguine looks at everything from the bright side. He is
optimistic, overlooks difficulties, and is always sure of success. If he
fails, he does not worry about it too long but consoles himself easily. His
vivacity explains his inclination to poke fun at others, to tease them and
to play tricks on them. He takes it for granted. that others are willing
to take such things in good humor and he is very much surprised if they are
vexed on account of his mockery or improper jokes.
5. Absence of deep passions. The passions of the sanguine are quickly excited,
but they do not make a deep and lasting impression; they may be compared
to a straw fire which flares up suddenly, but just as quickly dies down,
while the passions of a choleric are to be compared to a raging, all-devouring
This lack of deep passions is of great advantage to the sanguine in spiritual
life, insofar as he is usually spared great interior trials and can serve
God as a rule with comparative joy and ease. He seems to remain free of the
violent passions of the choleric and the pusillanimity and anxiety of the
III DARK SIDE OF THE SANGUINE TEMPERAMENT
1. Vanity and self-complacency. The pride of the sanguine person does not
manifest itself as inordinate ambition or obstinacy, as it does in the choleric,
nor as fear of humiliation, as in the melancholic, but as a strong inclination
to vanity and self-complacency. The sanguine person finds a well-nigh childish
joy and satisfaction in his outward appearance, in his clothes and work.
He loves to behold himself in the mirror. He feels happy when praised and
is therefore very susceptible to flattery. By praise and flattery a sanguine
person can easily be seduced to perform the most imprudent acts and even
2. Inclination to flirtation, jealousy and envy. The sanguine person is inclined
to inordinate intimacy and flirtation, because he lacks deep spirituality
and leans to the external and is willing to accept flatteries. However, his
love is not deep and changes easily. An otherwise well-trained sanguine would
be content with superficial familiarities as tokens of affection, but in
consequence of his levity and readiness to yield, as well as on account of
his optimistic belief that sin may have no evil consequences, he can be easily
led to the most grievous aberrations. A bad woman with a sanguine temperament
yields herself to sin without restraint and stifles the voice of conscience
Vanity and tendency to love-affairs lead the sanguine person to jealousy,
envy, and to all the petty, mean, and detestable faults against charity,
which are usually the consequence of envy. Because he is easily influenced
by exterior impressions or feelings of sympathy or antipathy, it is hard
for the sanguine person to be impartial and just. Superiors of this temperament
often have favorites whom they prefer to others. The sanguine is greatly
inclined to flatter those whom he loves.
3. Cheerfulness and inordinate love of pleasure. The sanguine person does
not like to be alone; he loves company and amusement; he wants to enjoy life.
In his amusements such a person can be very frivolous.
4. Dread of virtues which require strenuous efforts. Everything which requires
the denial of the gratification of the senses is very hard on the sanguine;
for instance, to guard the eyes, the ears, the tongue, to keep silence. He
does not like to mortify himself by denying himself some favorite food. He
is afraid of corporal acts of penance; only the exceptionally virtuous sanguine
succeeds in performing works of penance for many years for sins committed
in earlier youth. The ordinary sanguine person is inclined to think that
with absolution in the sacrament of penance all sins are blotted out and
that continued sorrow for them is unnecessary and even injurious.
5. Other disadvantages of the sanguine temperament:
a) The decisions of the sanguine person are likely to be wrong, because his
inquiry into things is only superficial and partial; also because he does
not see difficulties; and finally because, through feelings of sympathy or
antipathy he is inclined to partiality.
b) The undertakings of the sanguine fail easily because he always takes success
for granted, as a matter of course, and therefore does not give sufficient
attention to possible obstacles, because he lacks perseverance, and his interest
in things fades quickly.
c) The sanguine is unstable in the pursuit of the good. He permits others
to lead him and is therefore easily led astray, if he falls into the hands
of unscrupulous persons. His enthusiasm is quickly aroused for the good,
but it also vanishes quickly. With Peter he readily jumps out of the boat
in order to walk on the water, but immediately he is afraid that he may drown.
He hastily draws the sword with Peter to defend Jesus, but takes to flight
a few minutes later. With Peter he defies the enemies of Jesus, only to deny
Him in a short time.
d) Self-knowledge of the sanguine person is deficient because he always caters
to the external and is loath to enter into himself, and to give deeper thought
to his own actions.
e) The life of prayer of the sanguine suffers from three obstacles: He finds
great difficulty in the so called interior prayer for which a quiet, prolonged
reflection is necessary; likewise in meditation, spiritual reading, and
examination of conscience. He is easily distracted on account of his ever
active senses and his uncontrolled imagination and is thereby prevented from
attaining a deep and lasting recollection in God. At prayer a sanguine lays
too much stress upon emotion and sensible consolation, and in consequence
becomes easily disgusted during spiritual aridity.
IV BRIGHT SIDES OF THE SANGUINE TEMPERAMENT
1. The sanguine person has many qualities on account of which he fares well
with his fellow men and endears himself to them.
a) The sanguine is an extrovert; he readily makes acquaintance with other
people, is very communicative, loquacious, and associates easily with strangers.
b) He is friendly in speech and behavior and can pleasantly entertain his
fellow men by his interesting narratives and witticisms.
c) He is very pleasant and willing to oblige. He dispenses his acts of kindness
not so coldly as a choleric, not so warmly and touchingly as the melancholic,
but at least in such a jovial and pleasant way that they are graciously received.
d) He is compassionate whenever a mishap befalls his neighbor and is always
ready to cheer him by a friendly remark.
e) He has a remarkable faculty of drawing the attention of his fellow men
to their faults without causing immediate and great displeasure. He does
not find it hard to correct others. If it is necessary to inform someone
of bad news, it is well to assign a person of sanguine temperament for this
f) A sanguine is quickly excited by an offence and may show his anger violently
and at times imprudently, but as soon as he has given vent to his wrath,
he is again pleasant and bears no grudge.
2. The sanguine person has many qualities by which he wins the affection
of his superiors.
a) He is pliable and docile. The virtue of obedience, which is generally
considered as difficult, is easy for him.
b) He is candid and can easily make known to his superiors his difficulties,
the state of his spiritual life, and even disgraceful sins.
c) When punished he hardly ever shows resentment; he is not defiant and
obstinate. It is easy for a superior to deal with sanguine subjects, but
let him be on his guard! Sanguine subjects are prone to flatter the superior
and show a servile attitude; thus quite unintentionally endangering the peace
of a community. Choleric and especially melancholic persons do not reveal
themselves so easily, because of their greater reserve, and should not be
scolded or slighted or neglected by the superiors.
3. The sanguine is not obdurate in evil. He is not stable in doing good things,
neither is he consistent in doing evil. Nobody is so easily seduced, but
on the other hand, nobody is so easily converted as the sanguine.
4. The sanguine does not long over unpleasant happenings. Many things which
cause a melancholic person a great, deal of anxiety and trouble do not affect
the sanguine in the least, because he is an optimist and as such overlooks
difficulties and prefers to look at affairs from the sunny side. Even if
the sanguine is occasionally exasperated and sad, he soon finds his balance
again. His sadness does not last long, but gives way quickly to happiness.
This sunny quality of the well trained sanguine person helps him to find
community life, for instance, in institutions, seminaries, convents much
easier, and to overcome the difficulties of such life more readily than do
choleric or melancholic persons. Sanguine persons can get along well even
with persons generally difficult to work with.
V METHOD OF SELF-TRAINING FOR THE SANGUINE
1. A sanguine person must give himself to reflection on spiritual us well
as temporal affairs. It is especially necessary for him to cultivate those
exercises of prayer in which meditation prevails; for instance, morning
meditation, spiritual reading, general and particular examination of conscience,
meditation on the mysteries of the rosary, and the presence of God.
Superficiality is the misfortune, reflection the salvation of the sanguine.
In regard to temporal affairs the sanguine person must continually bear in
mind that he cannot do too much thinking about them: he must consider every
point; anticipate all possible difficulties; he must not be overconfident,
2. He must daily practice mortification of the senses, the eyes, ears, tongue,
the sense of touch, and guard the palate against overindulging in exquisite
foods and drinks.
3. He must absolutely see to it that he be influenced by the good and not
by the bad; that he accept counsel and direction. A practical aid against
distraction is a strictly regulated life, and in a community the faithful
observance of the Rules.
4. Prolonged spiritual aridity is a very salutary trial for him, because
his unhealthy sentimentality is thereby cured or purified.
5. He must cultivate his good traits, as charity, obedience, candor,
cheerfulness, and sanctify these natural good qualities by supernatural motives.
He must continually struggle against those faults to which he is so much
inclined by his natural disposition, such as, vanity and self-complacency;
love of particular friendships; sentimentality; sensuality; jealousy; levity;
VI POINTS OF IMPORTANCE IN DEALING WITH AND EDUCATING A SANGUINE PERSON
The education of the sanguine person is comparatively easy. He must be looked
after; he must be told that he is not allowed to leave his work unfinished.
His assertions, resolutions, and promises must not be taken too seriously;
he must continually be checked as to whether he has really executed his work
carefully. Flatteries must not be accepted from him and especially constant
guard must be kept lest any preference be shown him on account of his affable
disposition. It must be remembered that the sanguine person will not keep
to himself what he is told or what he notices about anyone. It is advisable
to think twice before taking a sanguine person into confidence.
In the education of a sanguine child the following points should be observed:
1. The child must be consistently taught to practice self-denial especially
by subduing the senses. Perseverance at work and observance of order must
be continually insisted upon.
2. The child must be kept under strict supervision and guidance; he must
be carefully guarded against bad company, because he can so easily be seduced.
3. Leave to him his cheerfulness and let him have his fun, only guard him
against overdoing it.
To read about the
other 3 personality types, see these pages: