``Where the Bishop is, there let the multitude of believers be;
even as where Jesus is, there is the Catholic Church'' Ignatius of Antioch, 1st c. A.D



From the Catholic Encyclopedia:
A litany is a well-known and much appreciated form of responsive petition, used in public liturgical services, and in private devotions, for common necessities of the Church, or in calamities — to implore God's aid or to appease His just wrath. This form of prayer finds its model in Psalm cxxxv: 'Praise the Lord, for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. Praise ye the God of gods . . . the Lord of lords . . . Who alone doth great wonders . . . Who made the heavens', etc., with the concluding words in each verse, "for his mercy endureth for ever."...

...Litanies appeared in honour of God the Father, of God the Son, of God the Holy Ghost, of the Precious Blood, of the Blessed Virgin, of the Immaculate Conception, of each of the saints honoured in different countries, for the souls in Purgatory, etc. In 1601 Baronius wrote that about eighty forms were in circulation. To prevent abuse, Pope Clement VIII, by decree of the Inquisition of 6 Sept., 1601, forbade the publication of any litany, except that of the saints as found in the liturgical books and that of Loreto. To-day the litanies approved for public recitation are: of All Saints, of Loreto, of the Holy Name, of the Sacred Heart, of St. Joseph [Ed. and, approved in 1960, of the Most Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ].

Many, many litanies exist, and all of them may be prayed privately (individuals or families can even write their own litanies for their private devotions, calling on their patron saints and other favorites), but only six are approved for public prayer. First a little background on each...

The Litany of the Saints

The Litany of the Saints -- the oldest of the litanies, dating to A.D. 595 -- is prayed liturgically at the Easter Vigil, during ordinations, on Rogation days, and also during solemn exorcisms, etc.. Privately, it is prayed any time one wishes, as with the other litanies, but is especially prayed after sundown on All Saints' Day in preparation for All Souls' Day, and on All Souls' Day itself.

This litany first invokes God in all Three Persons, then follow, in this order: Mary; the blessed spirits; St. Joseph and the Patriarchs and Prophets; the Apostles and Evangelists; all the disciples of the Lord; the Holy Innocents and the glorious martyrs; the holy Bishops and Confessors (those who suffer for the faith); the holy priests and Levites; the virgins and widows; and all holy men and women.

The Litany of LoretoOur Lady of Loreto

The most beautiful, Marian Litany of Loreto (the "Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary"), whose present form dates to the 15th c., is prayed (usually privately) on Marian feasts and their vigils, on Saturdays, and is often added to Rosaries. It takes its name from Loreto, a small town on the Eastern coast of central Italy, in the region of Le Marche, a place where one can find what is known as the Holy House of Loreto, a small house that is about 28 X 12 in floor area, and almost 14 feet high, with a door on the North side, and a window on the West side.

This house, according to tradition, is the house where Mary was born and in which the Archangel Gabriel made his Annunciation to her. It is said to have been translated by angels from Nazareth to Dalmatia in present-day Yugoslavia after Saracens re-took the Holy Land, and then to Loreto in A.D. 1291. St. Gabriel's "flight" from Heaven during the Annunciation, has caused Our Lady of Loreto to be seen as the Patroness of aviators and of air travellers -- and Charles Lindbergh, the astronauts of Apollo 9, and Umberto Nobile, who flew over the North Pole in the 1920s, all took images of Our Lady of Loreto with them on their historic missions.

The shrine (a basilica is now built around the house) has been associated with miracles, its veneration is papally approved, and around 50 Popes themselves have made pilgrimages to it or otherwise honored it in word, as have many, many Saints. The image at right is a version of the very unique and stylized statue of Our Lady of Loreto which is kept at the shrine. The statue -- the original was destroyed by fire -- depicts Our Lady holding Jesus and as clad in a dalmatic. Its deep hues are due to the original wood's having been darkened by the soot from candles and lamps that burned around it in the shrine's sanctuary.

The Other Public Litanies

The Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus was probably written by SS. Bernardine of Siena and John Capistran early in the 15th c. and is prayed most especially during the month of January, which is dedicated to the Holy Name.

The Litany of the Sacred Heart is a "natural" for the month of June, dedicated to Christ's Heart.

The Litany of the Precious Blood is commonly recited in the month devoted to His Precious Blood, July.

March, being dedicated to St. Joseph, is a common time to pray the Litany to St. Joseph.

The faithful who pray any of these Litanies, under the usual conditions, receive a partial indulgence. Below are links to these litanies in English and Latin. When prayed, one person (or half the people) chants or reads the invocation while the others chant or read the responses which are in italics in the pages below.

Jump to:

Litany of the Sacred Heart of Jesus - Litaniae de Sacratissimo Corde Iesu

Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus - Litaniae Sanctissimi Nominis Iesu

Litany of the Most Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ - Litaniae pretiosissimi Sanguinis Domini Nostri Iesu Christi

Litany of the Saints - Litaniae Sanctorum

Litany of Loreto ("Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary") - Litaniae Lauretanae

Litany of St. Joseph - Litaniae Sancti Ioseph

 The Litanies may be downloaded, too, in .pdf format:

Litany of the Sacred Heart of Jesus:  English  Latin
Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus:  English  Latin
Litany of the Precious Blood of Jesus:  English  Latin
Litany of the Saints:  English  Latin
Litany of Loreto:  English  Latin
Litany of St. Joseph:  English  Latin

Litanies for Private Use

You will find many other litanies scattered throughout the site, mostly linked to from pages on the various feast days. These litanies are for private use, and all are made available in pdf format for easy downloading. Among them are the:

Litany of the Immaculate Conception, written in 1476 by Pope Sixtus IV
Litany of the Blessed Sacrament
The Golden Litany

Litany of St. Brigid
Litany of St. Padrig of Eire (St. Patrick)
Litany of the Dolorous Virgin Mary, written by Pope Pius VII (1742-1823)
Litany of Our Lady of Victory
Litany of Our Lady of Lourdes

Litany of St. Gabriel the Archangel
Litany of the Passion
Litany to St. Walburga
Litany of St. Dymphna
Litany of St. Rita of Cascia
Litany of St. Sebastian

Litany of St. Joan of Arc
Litany of St. Anthony of Padua
Litany in Honor of St. Isidore the Farmer

Litany to St. Germaine Cousin de Pibrac
Litany of St. John the Baptist
Litany of St. Mary Magdalen
Litany of St. Anne
Litany of the Most Holy Trinity

Litany of the Holy Helpers
Litany of St. Roch (San Rocco)
Litany to the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Litany of St. Louis of France
Litany of St. Dominic
Litany to Our Lady of Seven Sorrows
Litany of St. Michael the Archangel
Litany to Our Holy Angel-Guardian
Litany of St. Therese of the Child Jesus, the Little Flower
Litany to St. Raphael the Archangel
Litanies for the Dead
Litany of the Seraphic Father St. Francis
Litany of St. Elizabeth of Hungary
Litany of St. Cecilia
Litany for the Dying
Litany of Creation 8th century Irish
Litany of Confession 8th century Irish
Litany of the Virgin 8th century Irish
Litany of St. Columba
Litany of St. Catherine of Siena
Litany of St. Teresa of Avila, Glory of Spain
Litany of St. Thomas Aquinas
Litany of St. Benedict
Litany of the Most Holy Name of Mary
Litany of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel
Litany of Humility
Litany of the Sick
Litany in Honor of St. George
Litany of Intercession for England
Litany of Irish Saints

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